1954 was the day the Vietnam War began. Communism was spreading through southeast Asia and it got to a point where the U.S.A felt they need to step in and they did. The Soviet Union and the U.S.A couldn't risk going into full on war or nuclear war so they fought in a way "through" the Vietnam War. The USSR help by supplying funds for the Vietnamese army who was fighting the U.S.A
Values and Beliefs
Many believed that the U.S.A should have not gone to war with Vietnam for they believed it was not our war to fight. Others believed we needed to get right in there and stand against the oppressing force of communism that was finding its way into Vietnam. Even before war was discussed this time period had a huge movement of peace protest happening. From Woodstock and the Beetles the ideology of no violence and pro peace made many people very against the fact we went to fight. Others believed we had a responsibility to stand up against the communist movement. However with that said after seeing the devastating impact the war had many peoples views changed.
Tactics of Guerilla Warfare
- Tunnel Cities / Hidden Bases
- Multiple small attack groups opposed to one large one
- Stealth Ops (use of camoflauge and natural resources to hide from the enemy and attack them in complete stealth)
- The U.S.A used the native american soldiers to speak their native language so the enemy could not pick up intel when they tapped the communication lines.
This was an anthem they came out of the Vietnam War and is iconic today.
This is an amazing tribute to every veteran that served in the Vietnam War and speaks volumes to the importance of music and the large impact it had.
All of these media platforms were major parts of society during the war. Newspapers constantly came up with new creative titles to create a buzz about the war or certain things about it. Then the radio came more into play as the war progressed. In the beginning media didn't have much interest in the war what so ever. Then as controversy began to build around the war the media latched onto it. This sky rocketed the use of TV's crossed the states. News channels had live coverage of the war itself. This was the first time in history people got to see first hand what the devastation of war looked like.
The war critically hurt the U.S.A in an economic sense. It cost $770 billion for the entire war. Due to the high demand of so many things the capacity of what we could make was overflowing. This made the whole industrial sector unbalanced.
Government and Foreign Policy
- The U.S.A stood against the USSR and communism
- Communism was an oppressing force that was led by dictators unlike the democracy the U.S.A had and fought for where the people are the ones with the power and choice
- "Vietnam Syndrome" was born. Which was the belief how the U.S. government should not be getting involved in wars that they are not directly related to. People were very worried if we continued to fight every time something happened we didn't like, we would need up becoming destroyed ourself.
The draft was sadly not new to the United States. WW1 and WW2 both had a draft which took every able bodied young man and placed a rifle in his hand and dog tags around his neck. These men were from so many different walks of life but they all met on the front lines. 25% percent of our forces were draftees.
- Anyone that was male and over the age of 18 in good health went to fight
- 90% of females became nurses, air traffic controllers, etc
- Those who were too young or too old stayed home and continued work
- Lastly if you chose to go to college you did not have to be drafted. Many found this to be a much better option than fighting.
No matter which side you were on families were directly impacted by this horrific war.
Getting Back Into Society
After the horrific events the soldiers had seen and things they had been through getting back to normal society was very difficult for them.
Robert W. Welch, was an American businessman, political activist, and author. He was independently wealthy following his retirement and used that wealth to sponsor anti-Communist causes. This video displays him talking about the purpose and meaning behind our involvement in the war.