The Empires of China Social studies chapter 10 lesson 3

One of the Chinese Dynasties was the Qin Dynasty. This empire was ruled by Qin Shihuangdi which means the first emperor of Qin. Qin Shihuangdi was a very strict ruler and killed people if they didn't obey him.

The Tericota Soldiers

Qin also had building projects. One of them was his tomb which was massive and had a large army of clay soldiers. These were called the Tericota Soldiers. He also ordered tens of thousands of farmers and workers to build roads, dams, and a huge canal.

Great Wall of China

The empror also started building the Great Wall of China. Later dynasties and emperors added on to it to make it the Great Wall of China we know today. He build this wall to keep out the Xiongnu who were fierce nomad warriors. He also hired censors and made China a currency.

Map of the Han Empire

After the Qin Dynasty collapsed, the Han dynasty took power. It's founder was Liu Bang and it's first strong emperor was Han Wundi. He didn't rule as harshly as the Qin emperors. He also recruited talented people for civil crevice instead of family members.

Chinese Education

The Han government also created schools for education where the children learned law, history, and the ideas of Confucius, a philosopher. With China's growing population, the poeple needed food to support their families'. But the farmers had little land so they worked as tenant farmers.

Here are some nice photos and definitions for you

Censor: A person who's job was to make sure government workers did their jobs.

Currency: A type of money that that country or region uses to buy goods and services.

Civil Service: Goverment workers who were chosen on the basis of competitive testing and quizzing.

Tenant Farmers: Farmers that work on land that is owned by a landlord or other person's property.

Acupuncture: A medical way to relieve pain by puncturing a patient's skin at a certain point on the body.

During the Han dynasty there were new inventions being made./one of them was an iron-cast plow. There also were waterwheels that helped millers grind grain. To very important inventions was the rudder, and other ways to steer ships.

Chinese Hospitals

The Chinese also made medical advances. They learned that certain foods prevent certain diseases they also used acupunctures to relive pain. There also was a lot of trading involved in the Chinese culture. The Chinese traded silk, spices, and other luxurys on a trading route known as the Silk Road.

Part of the Silk Road

The Han Dynasty eventually collapsed when some of the emperors started getting greedy and the people of China rebelled against this. After that, there was a civil war. After the civil war, most Chinese people started fallowing Buddhism by the 400s, Buddhism was one of China's major riligions.

The End

Credits:

Created with images by Arian Zwegers - "Badaling Great Wall" • Bernt Rostad - "The Terracotta Army in Xi'an" • clarkelz - "the great wall beijing attractions" • mklapper - "Chinese Teacher" • christels - "temple buddhism china" • ioa8320 - "shanghai oriental pearl tv tower night view" • Karen Roe - "RHS Chelsea Flower Show 2012" • fdecomite - "Silk Road 1992" • geralt - "town sign place name sign final"

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