Canada in 2050 By: Taranvir Mand

Canada is a great place to live, but have you ever thought what it would be like in the next 20-30 years. Many people are being born and many people are passing away. Many people also come from different places across the world. Wherever you are from, Welcome to Canada! This is a great place for you and many others to live. This website will show you the demographics of Canada. It will also take a look at immigration and how it plays a huge role in our population, along with how the aboriginals are in Canada.


Canada’s population has changed a lot over the years. Many people arrived and settled in Western Canada around the twentieth century. This was also around the years when the baby boomers were born. Around this time there was a war going on, causing the women to have children.

Now, the average woman will have 1.61 children. The number now is decreasing because of many different factors. Women are now really focused on their careers and have no time for children. Changes in the divorce legislation made a big impact. It made it easier for women to get a divorce causing them to not have babies. Other factors could include urbanization. Canada’s population has been under the replacement level for over 40 years.

If this continues, in 2050 the birth rate will decrease and death rate will increase. This is because if women are not having children, the population is not growing. For the death rate, the baby boomers are getting old and soon they will reach the age of when they will start to pass away. When this happens it will cause a major decrease in the population because the baby boomers make up a lot of the population. After the baby boomers have cleared out, the population over the age of 65 will stabilize because we are advancing in health care. We can help those in need because we will probably come up with something new. We can help save many people lives.

This is a population pyramid of Canada


Canada’s population is based a lot on immigration. Canada is expected to increase the number of immigrants allowed to 300 000, where the previous number was 260 000. Canada attracted a lot of people because immigrants thought of Canada as a land of opportunity and the promise of a better life. Many also thought that Canada was a great place to get a job. Those who arrived were happy that they got jobs and had affordable housing.

In the 1920’s, half of the Canadian foreign born population was from British Isles. During the next 50 or so years, 38% of the foreign born population was from Asia. Canada now wants 172 000 immigrants that are skilled business workers and caregivers. They also changed the family class number. It changed to 84 000 immigrants, from 80 000. Currently, the immigrants that are in Canada are living in more popular cities, such as: Toronto, Vancouver, Ottawa.

In 2050, immigration is going to increase. This is because the Canadian population is going to decrease and we need a way to keep it stable. The only way to do this is to get immigrants to come to Canada. Many different people will come to Canada because of the pull factors which are, Canada has many economical opportunities, it has a high standard of living, healthcare and low crime rate. In the future, we will have many different jobs for many people, so immigrants will want to come to Canada. The immigrants that arrive in Canada will have to live in less populated areas like Saskatchewan because the popular places are going to be over populated. Immigration is going to increase because we need to be above the replacement level which we are currently not.

This graph show the population from 1851 - 2061.


The Aboriginals in Canada mostly live in Ontario or the western provinces like Saskatchewan, British Columbia, Manitoba and Alberta. In 2011, it was stated that 1,400,685 people or 4.3% of the Canadian population, identified as Aboriginals. From 2006 and 2011, the aboriginal population grew by 20%. In the graph below, it shows that the majority of the population belongs to the younger age. This means 10-19 years old. The reason for this is because they tend to have lower life expectancy rates. One half of the Aboriginal children who are 14 or under live with a both parents, compared to the three-quarters of children who belong to non-Aboriginal families. The number of children who are 15 years or older who don’t have a high school diploma has decreased from 37.8% in 1990 to 19.1% in 2012.

First Nations graph

In 2050, the number of first nation who have a degree will increase. The reason behind this is because many first nation people are now applying for high schools to have an education. This is good because they have better chances of getting a job with a higher education. When the first nations have a higher education they will feel the need to move to more advance places to pursue a career. They will move out from where they are living and move to more urban areas such as Toronto, Ottawa, Vancouver, ext.



In 2050, many things will have changed: the population is going to decrease because women are not having enough children, immigration is going to be a key factor in our population and the first nations population is growing and advancing. All of theses factors will change Canada and the people living in it.

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