Gamal Abdel Nasser was born January 15, 1918 and died September 28, 1970 at age 52. In 1952, the Egyptian military overthrew the Egyptian monarchy. The military then had power until they decided to elect a president in 1956. He was Prime Minister of Egypt from 1954-1956 and was then elected the first president of the Republic of Egypt from 1956-1970.
Under Gamal Abdel Nasser the Aswān High Dam was built with the help of the Soviet Union. This led to the industrialization in many villages, a break to the reforms introduced by the large private estates,and more rights for women including the right to vote. More jobs were created during Gamal Abdel Nasser's reign because he discouraged foreign interference. This led to the rise of a new middle class. Nasser created a more modernized, peaceful, and equal Egypt.
IDEAS AND GOALS:
- With the help of the Soviet Union the Aswān High Dam was build
- 20th-century life was introduced to villages
- land reforms broke up Egypt's largest private estates
- campaign was conducted against corruption
- women were accorded more rights than they had ever had including the right to vote
- New middle class occupied the political and economic positions once held in Egypt by Italians, Greeks, French, and other foreigners
- Nasser encouraged foreigners to leave the country
- Survival of 18 years as Egypt's political leader
Gamal Abdel Nasser made Egypt a police state in which mail was opened. Communications and media were strongly censored. Chief newspapers were nationalized, telephones were tapped visitors’ rooms were searched and political democracy in the Western sense was nonexistent. Political enemies were taken to concentration camps in the desert. The standard of living remained low in Egypt during Nasser’s rule.