My inquiry questions
1.Who first discovered Australia.
2.How long did it take British to come to Australia?
3.How many people did the first fleet bring along to there first journey to Australia?
When European sailors began entering Australian waters in the in the early years of 1600 , they called it Terra Australis Incognita (unknown land of the South).
Between 1606 and 1770 more than 50 European ships made landfall on Australian land, which was then inhabited solely by Indigenous people.
Navigator and astronomer Captain James Cook claimed the whole of the east coast of Australia for Great Britain on 22 August 1770, naming eastern Australia New South Wales.
On 18 January 1788 the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay, which Joseph Banks had declared suitable for a penal colony after he returned from a journey there in 1770.
Captain Arthur Philip the commander of the first fleet brought a small unit of marines and seaman to the journey but found the place unsuitable cause of the lack of fresh water which then they can't drink then they would die.
Then the fleet relocated its position to Port Jackson. 21 of January with a unit of marines and officers landed at a place that was not named believed to be the beachfront of camp cove.This occasion marks the first landing of The of the members of the first fleet within Port Jackson and the first European landing in Australia in Port Jackson.
This a is a picture of Captain Charles Fremantle back then when he settled in Australia and this is also a primary source because it was made back then.
Between 1788 and 1850 the English sent over 162,000 convicts to Australia in 806 ships. The first eleven of these ships are today known as the First Fleet and contained the convicts and marines that are now acknowledged as the Founders of Australia
Captain James Cook discovered the east coast of New Holland in 1770 and named it New South Wales. He sailed the all of the coast and reported back to the British government that he thought it would make a great place to settle. Britain did not notice the country as being inhabited as the natives did not cultivate the land, and were, therefore uncivilised.
The agrarian revolution in Britain, and the population explosion in the cities, resulted in an increase in crime. As the American Revolution meant that no more convicts could be sent there, the only way to overcome the overcrowding in the jails was to establish a penal colony in the land discovered by Captain James Cook. The convicts would be transported, never to return to Britain.
Swan River colony
Fremantle, as it is known today, officially 'began' in April 1829 when the ship HMS Challenger arrived in the waters off the Western Australian coast near the edge of the Swan River and formally 'took possession' of the land which was then named "New Holland" for King George the 4th of England.
Close thereafter Captain James Stirling arrived from England to begin the Swan River Colony of Perth (in 1829).It was Captain Stirling who named the port settlement 'Fremantle' after Captain Fremantle, the captain of the HMS Challenger.
Fremantle, or as it was first known as “The Swan River Colony" and founded in 1829 and established as a "free settlement" when approximately four hundred settlers (civilian and military) arrived on the HMS Sulphur and Parmelia in June 1829.
Fremantle's beginning was different from other colonies that had already been established in the east (New South Wales), because it was originally populated by people who migrated by their opinion.
It was a military and civilian settlement, not a settlement for convicts at least not yet. They had a challenging time entering Cockburn Sound, both ships sustaining damage from rocks. Parmelia was run aground, but arrived safely.
Arrival in Australia timeline
(1826) Military outpost established at Albany on behalf of New South Wales
(1829) Colony of Western Australia established at Perth by Captain James Stirling
(1829) Swan River Colony declared for Britain
(1830) Augusta was settled near the 1830's
(1831) Western Australia's first inland town, York, established In 1831 in Wester Australia
(1832) Captain Sir James Stirling elected first Governor and Commander-in-chief of Western Australia
(1833) Conflict between Europeans and Aboriginals, resulted in killing of Yagan, a senior Aborigine warrior
(1834) Battle of Pinjarra between Australian Aborigines and soldiers; most of the Aborigines were massacred
(1880s) Gold discovered in Kalgoorlie and Coolgardie
(1887) A late-season cyclone struck the pearling fleet at Ninety Mile Beach, 140 people got killed in the cyclone
(1889) The Great Southern Railway opened
(1895) Kings Park officially opened
(1897) Fremantle Harbour officially opened
(1901) Western Australia, along with New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria, formed the federation of the Commonwealth of Australia, of which they each became component states
The first European name for Tasmania was Van Diemen's Land. It was given to the island by a Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in the 1640 . When Britain began it's settlement of eastern Australia in 1788, its claim extended to Van Diemen’s Land, which finally became part of the colony of New South Wales.
The British established a penal settlement there in 1803, founding Hobart in the following year. More than 70,000 convicts were sent there between 1803 and 1853. In 1825, Van Diemen’s Land became a colony in its own right, it was also the second of the Australian colonies.
From the establishment of the penal settlement, there was an rivalry between the Indigenous people and the British settlers. Indigenous people increasingly found themselves losing their country and their training, hunting grounds.
A series of coordinated, violent confrontations with the settlers began in the 1820s; a period which came to be known as the ‘Black Wars’. At the height of the conflict, the colonist George Robertson led the Friendly Mission so they can settle the colony
We would have to take a lot of people that are like builders,engineers and a leader that leads everyone to do stuff, a leader would also have to take care of everyone that came on the journey also a assistant that is a rank lower also if the leader sick or absent he could take over so these are my thing that we need to take from the past to the future
This is a picture back then with aboriginal indigenous people and settlers in the back sailing towards the land and the aboriginal's think the settlers are going to attack them so the there getting ready to fight back.