Mississauga 2.0 By Matthew, Wilson, Richard, Darius and Tyler

What Is Mississauga 2.0?

Current Map of Mississauga

Mississauga 2.0 is a plan to "renovate" Mississauga and solve some of the environmental and economic issues that the city currently has. We worked to develop solutions to improve Waste Management,Transportation, Energy, Water and Urban Growth.

Robotic Recycling Truck

Waste Management

Most of Mississauga's trash goes to landfills. We have to find a different way to throw out our garbage because in the future we won't be able to find enough locations to dump our garbage since we are using this method too much leaving us with no space in the years to come. Making unsustainable for the future.

Why is it unsustainable?

This is unsustainable because landfills can pollute the surrounding soils and ground water with toxins and gases. A specific gas is created called methane. Methane is a gas that can cause headaches and nausea. Methane is flammable as well making it a dangerous gas. Also it releases different types of gases that lead to climate changes. Comparing landfills to recycling, landfills can cause a lot of pollution which means it can do significant damage to the environment.

Solution

A good sustainable alternative to landfills is to recycle more than we are now. Recycling is sustainable because we can use the things that we threw out and we can use it again. To alert more people in Mississauga to recycle more, the government should post posters around the city that tell us the benefits of recycling. What makes recycling far superior from landfills is it cause a decrease in pollution overtime. You are protecting the environment because you are not cutting trees to make new paper again but instead we are using old paper to make new paper again. Overtime if we continue to recycle more than we are now, the city should be more environmental friendly and Mississauga should be a lot more cleaner

Mississauga Transit

Transportation

Mississauga has a very small public transportation system. Most people living in Mississauga own a car and Transit is slow, which is why public transportation weren't a priority for Mississauga. More people however start using public transportation more often because of not having access to cars and/or traffic. But because of the use of cars, it can pollute the city, but getting rid of them will be difficult for residents to get to places.

Issues with Transportation

Some of the issues with transportation are that more driving means more greenhouse gasses released into the atmosphere. Continuously buying gas to fuel cars which in turn can hurts the environment. Transit is too slow so not many people are using them. Most drivers are non car-pooling meaning more cars on the streets and car accidents.

Why it's not Sustainable

Some of the reasons why it's not sustainable is that buying gas to fuel vehicles wastes money where there are other ways of transportation. Because of less people using public transportation, the city wastes money fueling them. Oil is what fuels our cars and it's a non-renewable resource, if we run out of it, it would be difficult to find other ways to fuel vehicles.

Solutions

Electric cars are a good replacement for oil fueled cars. Electric cars don't hurt the environment and can be charged unlike buying gas. Public bikes are great for reducing traffic, clean source of transportation, and exercise. Offering prizes for those who go on Transit often like one free ride or discounts. Subways for fast travel around the city and reducing the use of fuel.

Nuclear Power Plant

Energy

By Matthew F.

Situation

Ontario uses many energy sources, but primarily nuclear power. According to Ontario Power Generation, over 50% of Ontario’s electricity is generated by nuclear power plants. Although nuclear energy is cleaner than other sources (like coal), it is not the most effective form of power generation.

Problem

Nuclear power is a form of power generation where a reaction is caused that generates electricity. Rare materials such as uranium or plutonium are required to cause this reaction. After a reaction, these resources are “used up” and cannot be re-used. Nuclear power generation is fairly cheap, and does not produce greenhouse gases. It does produce trace amounts of radioactive emissions. Nuclear Power Plants are large buildings, and cannot be located near urban areas for safety reasons.

Why is it unsustainable?

Nuclear power is unsustainable for Mississauga. As a finite resource, at a point we will not be able to continue using it. As the amount of uranium and plutonium depletes, the price of these materials will increase. Nuclear power generation will become more and more expensive. The extraction of these materials is very complicated, expensive and damaging to the environment. Disposing of the materials is also very expensive and unsafe. This hazardous waste is not always properly disposed of, and can damage the environment further. Maintaining a power plant is also very expensive. There are high safety costs as reactions are volatile and dangerous, and containing emissions is important. The proper waste management processes are also quite costly, the estimated cost in 2012 for all existing plants in the future was $15.2 Billion according to Ontario Power Generation. Nuclear power plants can be expensive and run on a finite resource, which means they are unsustainable.

A Pair of Wind Turbines

Our Solution

The solution our committee proposes is to gradually decommission the nuclear plants and install wind farms. Wind farms are the best way for Mississauga 2.0 to produce energy. Wind farms consist of turbines that convert wind energy into rotational energy, then electricity. They are extremely cheap to install, and have almost zero operating costs. Wind energy is sustainable as it is renewable. The wind is not "used up" and it can be re-used as many times as needed. Wind power is clean, and does not create any emissions. Low cost, clean and renewable, wind power is clearly the better choice over nuclear power.

Implementing Our Solution

A major change take a while to happen. We have a plan to convert Mississauga's power from nuclear to wind. The problem starts at the top, with Ontario's government. Mississauga does not have it's own power generation and instead electricity is provided by the province of Ontario. To implement change, it must be brought up at the provincial level. Our planning committee, backed by the municipal government, would appeal to the cabinet to reconsider our energy choices. As soon as we were government approved, we would begin installing wind farms in select locations. Ontario has many vacant spaces (including many former farmlands) that would be perfect locations for wind farms. One of the main reasons wind farms are not installed is that citizens find them aesthetically unappealing and noisy. Large rural spaces like Ontario has are much better locations as there are not communities nearby and there is more airflow (because there are buildings).

After the first of our wind farms were installed, we would begin decommissioning the nuclear plants. We can only begin this after we have started installing wind farms as if we did this in the reverse order, we would have a period of reduced access to electricity. Decommissioning nuclear power plants will be a gradual and expensive process. This cost is justified, as it is cheaper to decommission the plant than to continually fund it. We would time the decommissioning with when the nuclear "fuel" in that was used up so that we wouldn't waste or have to deal with disposing of any material. We would continue this process until there were enough wind farms to generate the amount of electricity previously generated by the nuclear plants.

How is it sustainable?

Our wind power should last a very long time. After installation, wind farms have minimal costs (minor repairs), so even in possible future economical crises they will still be operating and generating inexpensive electricity. They do not create emissions, so they will not harm our environment by contributing to climate change. Most importantly, as stated before, wind is renewable and will always be available for us to generate power from. Wind is the smartest and most sustainable type of power generation for Mississauga and Ontario.

Smart Growth Coordinator

By: Wilson

The way we build Mississauga 2.0

We chose a location suited for the city. We ensure a very reliable close water and farm resources. Have a financial building that finances money. We would have more jobs for people to make a living. Make a blueprint of where to put the buildings and make things happen. Have transportation for people that travel a lot more with no cars and we would have to run on efficient renewable resources. We make parks so that is Eco-friendly. Have a lot of attractions to attract people to the city. Make buildings like school, malls, and supermarkets.

The problems of a city

Finding the best location of building might be difficult. The health of our communities/people. Demographics would be a huge problem. Environment resources as in we might manage to use up all of our resources. Housing we need to make enough for the people but we need more space so there is an limited space of housing. we also need schools to make education possible. The budgets might go out of hand from building all the buildings. Some people might be considered the safety of the city. Economics might also be a problem.

The problems

We encounter problems everyday there fore there cant be a sustainable city in Mississauga. We also have money problems because of our budget on buildings. We also have to keep a safe city so we have to have jobs for police, fire man and hospitals. We need our communities to be healthy so we can not have not many drugs in our city so that the drugs don't get passed on to children.

Water Management: Darius B.

The Current Issue With Our Water Consumption:

The Current problem with Mississauga’s water consumption is that the majority of the populace undervalues and under appreciates how much value and just how important of a resource it is. Widely believed to be the most important natural resource in the world, the entire world and all of its inhabitants rely on the abundance of the resource. However, since we have copious amounts of the resource in Canada, especially Mississauga, we often overlook how important it is, and waste mass amounts of it every day. Since we acquire the majority of our water from Lake Ontario, which is a freshwater lake, the cities government has to purify the water by putting in additional chemicals so it can be suitable for human consumption. The issue with this method is that it contaminates the unused water because of the unnatural chemicals. The combination of the pollution, and over-consumption due to the mass growing population, will mean that our waters will soon be un-useable, and depleted.

Why These Methods Are Unsustainable:

As I touched on above, if we as a city don’t do something to change our current treatment methods and consumption rate, we will very rapidly deplete and contaminate our water, thus leaving it in an un-useable state. Our current path is very unsustainable and unmanageable from an ecological point of view instead of using natural and sustainable ways that have long-term benefits, we choosing to use un-sustainable chemical methods that contaminate our water. The only added benefit of using these short term methods is that they are less-expensive and easier to do on a large scale.

Our Solution:

For our new city plan we are implementing and investing in long-term solutions. By doing this we will eliminate these pre-existing and detrimental issues. The most natural, sustainable, and common way for purification. This method is purification through wetlands. Currently our city is getting rid of wetlands and bogs to make room for more housing infrastructure to support our high population. The problem with the decreasing number of wetlands, is that less water can be put through and

purified, thus forcing them to resort to un-natural methods of purification. However by investing in these natural purifiers we will be sustainably allowing for the water to be consumed. This will get rid of contaminants in a way that will provide a long-term solution for our city, and allow more water to be used.

Credits:

Created with images by paul bica - "absolute" • PublicDomainPictures - "chimney concrete nuclear" • Tim Green aka atoach - "Turbine 2" • technicolor76 - "water drops"

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