Bitter Sweets made by danielle shumway

"For a decade and a half, the big chocolate makers have promised to end child labor in their industry-and have spent tens of millions of dollars in the effort. But as of the latest estimate, 2.1 million west African children still do the dangerous and physically taxing work of harvesting cocoa. What will it take to fix the problem."

This is the authors lead into the article, in this case he picked a delayed identification.

Ivory Coast cocoa farms have been enslaving children into doing hard labor.

This is my lead that I made up for the article. I choose a single item lead.

Who- this person wrote this article to try to make people realize how much back breaking labor these children had to go through while making chocolate, to show us that forcing innocent children into labor against their will is a problem and that it needs to stop. "Filmmakers interviewed young boys in Ivory Coast who said they'd been beaten and forced to work long hours without pay." (author) One of the boys who working on the cocoa farm was asked what he thought about people enjoying chocolate in other parts of the world? He said, "they are enjoying something that I suffered to make..." "they are eating my flesh." (author)

What- The children who work there have to go through a long process in order to harvest the cocoa. First once the pods are ready they cut them off the trees using machetes. If the pods are on higher branches they use sickles to cut them down instead. A stickle "in Ghana it's often called a go - to - hell." (author) Next the children have to break open the pods to get all of the gooey white seeds out of them. After that they pile the seeds up, cover them with plaintain leaves and then they are left to ferment for 4 to 5 days. Finally the seeds are moved to a drying rack and left for 6 to 7 days. At this poni now the seeds can be bagged and sold. This is what these poor kids are forced to do at the cocoa farms in Ivory Coast.

When- I don't know exactly when child labor in Ivory Coast started happening but this is a problem that has been going on for a while now. In 2005 July 1 the industry became aware of the amount of child labor going on in Ivory Coast and agreed to get the big chocolate productores to quit "the worst forms of child labor." (author) But the deadline for meeting this goal was pushed out to 2008 and again to 2010. In 2010 the industry pledged to reduce child labor in Ivory Coast and Ghana by 70% by 2020.

Where- child labor was not just a problem in Ivory Coast and Ghana but also in places that have big million or billion dollar and multinational chocolate companies. Like for example another big place that had or has child labor is west Africa because 70% of the worlds cocoa is grown in this region. Some chocolate companies listed in this article that also use or used child labor were Hershey, Mars, Nestlé, Cadbury, and Mondelez companies.

Why- "As global demand for chocolate continues to rise, so too does production." (author) so this means that "farmers are in desperate need of cheap, controllable labor". (author) So as cruel as it sounds that's why they turn to child labor.

How- so now the question is how do we stop the chocolate companies from using child labor? Well I think the first step is by raising awareness. If we let people know what's going on then it might want to make them help your cause. Then I think the next step is taking action. Making a stand for what you believe in publicly is the right direction to go because you will not get anything done if you just tell people about it because it does not mean they will do anything to help, that part is up to you.

The articles concluding statement- "I think child labor cannot be just the responsibility of the industry to solve. I think it's the proverbial all-hands-on-deck: government, civil society, the private sector. He pauses, taking in his own thought for a moment. And there, you really need leadership." (author)

My own concluding statement for this article- demolishing child labor will not be easy, in fact it will be the opposite, but this is an issue that has taken its toll on all of these poor children which most have never even hade an education. But I think with a little bit of determination, motivation, and hard work we can do it.

This concludes my presentation, Thank you! 🍫

Credits:

Created with images by myfriendkarla - "cocoa pods chocolate pods fresh" • Kheel Center, Cornell University Library - "Image verso says: Child labor in the cotton fields. A young Black girl fills a cotton sack" • EverJean - "Costa Rica. On the Chocolate Tour" • HomeMaker - "chocolate bar candy" • Alexas_Fotos - "candy bar sweetness chocolate" • alicecooper5 - "The chocolate industry" • kristinewade - "The production of chocolate" • luisacontreras-87 - "Ganaché de chocolate" • Edward Allen Lim - "Banana Split"

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