What- The children who work there have to go through a long process in order to harvest the cocoa. First once the pods are ready they cut them off the trees using machetes. If the pods are on higher branches they use sickles to cut them down instead. A stickle "in Ghana it's often called a go - to - hell." (author) Next the children have to break open the pods to get all of the gooey white seeds out of them. After that they pile the seeds up, cover them with plaintain leaves and then they are left to ferment for 4 to 5 days. Finally the seeds are moved to a drying rack and left for 6 to 7 days. At this poni now the seeds can be bagged and sold. This is what these poor kids are forced to do at the cocoa farms in Ivory Coast.
When- I don't know exactly when child labor in Ivory Coast started happening but this is a problem that has been going on for a while now. In 2005 July 1 the industry became aware of the amount of child labor going on in Ivory Coast and agreed to get the big chocolate productores to quit "the worst forms of child labor." (author) But the deadline for meeting this goal was pushed out to 2008 and again to 2010. In 2010 the industry pledged to reduce child labor in Ivory Coast and Ghana by 70% by 2020.
Where- child labor was not just a problem in Ivory Coast and Ghana but also in places that have big million or billion dollar and multinational chocolate companies. Like for example another big place that had or has child labor is west Africa because 70% of the worlds cocoa is grown in this region. Some chocolate companies listed in this article that also use or used child labor were Hershey, Mars, Nestlé, Cadbury, and Mondelez companies.
How- so now the question is how do we stop the chocolate companies from using child labor? Well I think the first step is by raising awareness. If we let people know what's going on then it might want to make them help your cause. Then I think the next step is taking action. Making a stand for what you believe in publicly is the right direction to go because you will not get anything done if you just tell people about it because it does not mean they will do anything to help, that part is up to you.
The articles concluding statement- "I think child labor cannot be just the responsibility of the industry to solve. I think it's the proverbial all-hands-on-deck: government, civil society, the private sector. He pauses, taking in his own thought for a moment. And there, you really need leadership." (author)
My own concluding statement for this article- demolishing child labor will not be easy, in fact it will be the opposite, but this is an issue that has taken its toll on all of these poor children which most have never even hade an education. But I think with a little bit of determination, motivation, and hard work we can do it.