The Boom to Bust era was positive and negative for many people. In the 1920s, people were optimistic and were able to have fun. But when the 1930s arrived and the stock market crashed, people were the opposite. People struggled and faced many different hardships. With all of these financial failures, people were not able to support themselves and their families. The 1920s-1930s was a time of difficulty for many people and families.
Flappers of the 1920s
1920's: These flappers are optimistic and they are having a lot of fun.
During the 1920s, city life was alive and people were always out having a good time. At home people listened to music and had fun.
People were forced out of their homes because they could not afford them anymore during the Depression. So they moved into Hooverilles.
But during the 1930s, home life for people was difficult during the Great Depression. Many families were kicked out of their homes due to their financial losses and had to move into Hoovervilles. But, the wealthy people did not get affected or impacted by the Depression. The homes were very torn up and old. Due to their poor living conditions, they had to learn to “make do” with the resources they had.
African American Families
This African American family lives is standing outside of their torn up, old home in a Hooverville.
Many African Americans lived in Hoovervilles because most were not only laid off but there was still segregation so they did not have equal rights to live wherever. There was a high unemployment rate which led to many struggles.
Protesting for Equality
This man is holding a sign that is saying that African Americans should be treated equally. He is fighting, protesting for equality.
There was still discrimination against African Americans.
Four African American men eating at a soup kitchen because they do not have a lot of money.
There was severe poverty which meant that people had to go to soup kitchens for food and they went to work camps to earn money.
People migrating to California to find work.
Lots of families decided to migrate to California due to their home struggles.
Riding the Rails
A 1930 railroad that people used as their main source of transportation.
Many people rode the rails to get to where they needed to go.
A Caring Mother
This is a picture of a woman with her daughter. They live in an old house and are struggling to find work.
Men were leaving their wives; which is called, the “poor man’s divorce.” Women were left by themselves and they had to find jobs so that they will be able to support their children. Many children developed health issues over time. Home life for people was not easy.
Men protesting for alcohol.
When prohibition was put into effect, people were bootlegging alcohol and drinking it illegally.
The Roaring 20's
A flapper sitting on an automobile in front of a very big house.
Leisure time was not as fun in the 1930s, as it was in the 1920s. In the 1920s, people were very optimistic and free spirited. Most women were flappers and they went to speakeasies. They went to speakeasies, movies, sporting events, and listened to music. When prohibition wa put into effect, people were bootlegging alcohol and drinking it illegally.
An Escape from the Despair
A crowd of people in front of a movie theater.
For example the movies were very popular. People enjoyed the comic relief. Many people used art to escape the difficult times of the Depression. They wanted to take their mind off of the hardships they were going through.
An African American Jazz Band
1920's: These African Americans are playing music and having fun.
Many African Americans were known for their music whether it be jazz or rhythm and blues. Their music symbolized a kind of American freedom which helped break some of the discrimination. People came to hear this music at speakeasies. People used many different methods of distractions to avoid the depression.
A Scattered Economy
A man hanging up a "closed" sign to show that their business is shutting down due to the Depression.
The economy was doing well in the 1920s but during the 1930s it was failing. In the 1920s, manufacturing improved, the stock market thrived, and consumerism increased. But once Black Tuesday came along, everything went downhill from there. There was a high unemployment rate which meant that due to the loss of workers, businesses had to shut down.
Also the agricultural economy suffered and struggled consistently. There was a drought that sparked a dust storm which impacted America in a serious way. People lost their land and their homes. People also lost money.
The New Deal and Bank Holiday
A line of people at the American Union Bank looking for their money.
President Hoover did not give America the help it needed and he did not have the government get involved. When President Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected into office, he wanted to help America dig itself out of this hole it was in. He developed the National Bank Holiday which ended up helping people and banks. After the Second World War people lost loved ones and struggled with their finances. There were many issues that America faced during the Great Depression, but FDR wanted to change that and help gain confidence from people.
Deportation of Mexican Immigrants
A line of Mexican Immigrants that are being checked before being deported back to Mexico.
The role of Government during the Depression was limited. People’s optimism was gone and they were struggling. When President Herbert Hoover was in office, he believed in very little government involvement. This resulted in people not getting the assistance needed. Also, the philanthropy from the government was not enough to make an impact on the source it was given too. This resulted in businesses closing and workers being laid off. Mexican Immigrants had the government's attention. The government set up a program to deport Mexican Immigrants back to Mexico. The Farm Security Administration (FSA) helped Mexican Immigrants during this tough time. Business owners and industrialists dealt with overproduction which led to a collapse in the agricultural economy. The role of Government was un-involved until FDR was elected into office. FDR changed the amount of Government involvement and helped Americans.
Optimism in the 20's, Despair in the 30's