The Skull By: Alexis, Chloe, and Alyssa

The skull is a framework of bone or cartilage that protects a human's or an animal's brain. The medical term for it is the Cranium.

The skull is encased by 43 different muscles. These muscles are special because they don't move bone, but skin. The muscles connect to the skin and other muscles. Each muscle is named for it's general shape and type of movement.

The skull and the muscles around it are located at the very top of the picture above, at the skeleton's head.
These are some major muscles attached to the skull.

There are different types of skull fractures. Each type depends on the force of the blow, the location of the impact on the skull, and the shape of the object making impact. In some cases, an injury to the brain can also accompany the fracture. One such injury would be a concussion.

There are many types of fractures to your skull, but we are only going to name a few. The fracture above is called a closed fracture. The bone is broken, but the skin is still intact.
This picture is of an open fracture. The bone exits and is visible through the skin, or a deep wound exposes the bone through the skin.
This photo is of a linear fracture. The break is in a straight line across the bone.

Thankfully, there is a way to heal, or fix, these fractures. Medication or surgery is the cure depending on how bad the fracture is, your overall health, age, patience, opinion or preference, pain tolerance, and severity of fracture, are all factors in the surgery.

There are also a bunch of diseases/illnesses in your facial muscles. This includes Bell's Palsy, and a stroke.

Bell's palsy is a paralysis or weakness of the muscles on one side of your face. Damage to the facial nerve that controls muscles on one side of the face causes that side of your face to droop . The nerve damage may also affect your sense of taste and how you make tears and saliva. This condition comes on suddenly, often overnight, and usually gets better on its own within a few weeks.
A more serious cause of facial paralysis is stroke. Facial paralysis occurs during a stroke when nerves that control the muscles in the face are damaged in the brain. Depending on the type of stroke, damage to the brain cells is caused by either lack of oxygen or excess pressure on the brain cells caused by bleeding. Brain cells can be killed within minutes in each case.

You can workout the muscles of your face as well as your neck to try and avoid these illnesses or diseases. Some of these workouts include brow lifts, stretching your eyelids, smiling, neck raises, and moving your nose from side to side.

Sadly, there is no way to actually workout the skull, or cranium. However, you can eat healthy nutrients such as Calcium, Vitamin D, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin K, Vitamin C, and Vitamin A to strengthen the bones. These nutrients are also good for your facial muscles. You should eat fruit, vegetables, and protein.

Almost every job in the world requires your facial muscles. Facial muscles are the reason we chew, swallow, talk, open and close our mouth, move our heads, and make facial expressions. Without all of these movements, we wouldn't be able to eat, much less get a job.

In conclusion, the skull is vital to our life. It protects our brain, which is arguably the most important part of your health. It also is connected to our facial muscles, which are equally important. Facial muscles allow us to smile, chew, and many other movements. Without he skull, none of these movements would be possible.

BY: Chloe Miller, Alexis Timberlake, and Alyssa Thomas

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