one of the first things we learned was the photogram, by using light and objects. We learned how to print impressions on the photo paper.
The pinhole camera is the first handmade camera we used in the first week of class. By using a box, some tape, rubber band and a photo paper we were able to create a photo from this camera simply from long periods of exposure.
Shutter speed was used to freeze objects in motion. We used this technique to capture people running on the track to make people look like they are frozen or blurred.
Next we learned aperture. Aperture shows depth; it either focuses on images close to you and blurs the background or focuses on the background and blurs whats in front of you.
Three point lighting is used to take out any shadows. It also looks good/ is used primarily for headshots.
The Storyboard assignment was where we used up to five photos to tell a story. You were able to add short captions as well as decoration.
Black and White film process was the main thing we learned this semester. We used chemicals to develop the film we've taken.
to open the camera one must pull the spindle up to pop open the camera
place real canister inside of the camera then push a little bit of the film into the small slit on the other side
reel clock wise until there is no tension
We would have to go to the changing room where it is completely dark (so the film isn't exposed). Then, we would move it into a canister for the chemical process.
So now we start to process the film by using D-76, stop, fixer, and photo flow.
You add 5 milligrams of water and 5 milligrams of D-76
You then pour in the mixture and depending on what the temperature of what the mixture is you leave it processing. Shaking it for 10 seconds every minute.
Then you add the fixer. leave in the container for 6 minutes shaking every minute
You then put it in the "hurricane wash" to rinse the chemicals off the film.
Then place in photo flow for 30 seconds to protect the film from scratches.
Then place the film in the dryer for a whole day, 24 hours.
After the film is developed you cut them up and put them into a sleeve.
This is the contact sheet. We use this to pick out the negatives we want to use for our photos.
This is the negative carrier. After we pick out our photo we tape it on to the negative carrier so it displays on the enlarger.
This is a contrast filter they range from 1 (lightest) to 5 (darkest) and helps with showing contrast in black and white photo
This is the main home the enlarger it had two knobs. one for making a photo bigger and one for making the photo more focused
this is a speed isle this helps keep the photo paper in place when exposing it to light
Once we've adjusted the enlarger we use the grain focuser to make sure our photos are nice and focused.
This is a test strip. We use the test trip to determine how long the exposure for our final photo should be. We start at 25 seconds, exposing a different sections at every 5 seconds
After we found the right time to expose the film paper we would process it with D-76, for 1 minute and 30 seconds making sure the image would show
after the image was fully developed we would place it in the stop bath for 30 seconds so our image wont get any darker
after we have placed it in the stop bath for 30 seconds place in in the fixer for 3 minutes so it fixes and solidifys the photo. after this place it in the washer or aquerium for for 5 minutes
After you have done the full devolping process use the squeegee to get ride of the excess water from the paper then place in the dryer
now your photo is fully processed and ready to show the world.
When you are ready to present your photo you wanna make sure it looks nice so by using a hot press your photo to tissue paper
when the paper is stuck to the photo use the hot press to attach the board to the photo.
after attached place photo in the oven/ press for a minute make sure the photo and board by placing it between the two sheets of cardboard. once the minute is other place the photo and board under a ream of paper to make sure it sticks together.
we also learned about aperture for film, to adjust aperture on the film camera slightly press the shoot button and then aim at your specific target adjust the nozzle closest to you until you see a green dot when the green dot shows that when the aperture is just right.
to focus on film just use the ring second closest to you, until you can clearly see a sharp image through the lens.
for camera exposure lift up the twist button right next to the trigger then twist clock wise or counter clock wise to adjust exposer times
then to remove the film press the rewind button at the bottom of the camera. then wind the knob counter clock wise until you feel a click.
And this was the whole semester in a nutshell.