The Soviet Japanese War of 1945 from August 9 to September 2 1945 was the name given to the invasion of Japanese held territory by the U.S.S.R. The territory that was invaded was inner Mongolia, Manchuria (north-eastern part of China) which was the largest part of land to be invaded, south Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands, and northern Korea. The most important of these invasions is the Soviet Invasion of Manchuria which lasted from August 9, 1945 the day of the Nagasaki Atomic Bomb dropping to August 20, 1945. Manchuria was of great importance to Japan because it was the last area with heavy industry that had remained largely intact throughout the war producing vital war materials for Japan to keep the war going. Also Manchuria held the mighty Kwantung Army which was one of the strongest army's Japan still had left by 1945. However the Kwantung Army was a shell of what it once was back at the start of the war and stood little chance against the highly skilled 1.5 million men of the Soviet Red Army. The Invasion of Manchuria was a swift invasion covering 3 sides of the area. By August 16th most of Manchuria was invaded by the Soviets and by August 18 the Soviets moved into northern Korea taking it by the 20th.
The battle or war was very significant in ending the war as soon as it did. The Japanese were not exactly the type to surrender rationally. After the 2 Atomic bomb droppings the invasion was a major factor in getting Japan to surrender when they did. According to some historians like Tsuyoshi Hasegawa the Soviet Japanese War was more important to ending the war than the 2 Atomic Bomb droppings. After all the U.S. destroyed only 2 cities while the Soviets took over a very large part of China, most of Japan's heavy industry which was vital to the Japanese war effort in 1945. If the soviets didn't invade Manchuria Japan would still refuse to surrender and the war would continue well into early 1946.
Comparing the 2 major turning points of the war, even though both events ended the war in one front the Soviet Japanese War had a bigger impact than the Battle of Berlin. The reason for this is because even though the Battle of Berlin ended the war on one front it didn't end the war completely while the Soviet Japanese war did end world war 2 completely. Also the Soviet Japanese war was a turning point beyond World War 2 because it helped the Chinese Communists win the Chinese Civil War, a major event during the Cold War. After world war 2 ended the Soviets gave all of Manchuria to the Chinese Communists with industrial facilities in working order. The Soviets decision one of the most important decisions in getting the Chinese Communists to win the Chinese Civil War. Lastly if the Soviets didn't invade Japanese territory the war probably would have still continued after the droppings of the Atomic Bombs.
"Battle of Berlin." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Mar. 2017. Web. 20 Mar. 2017."Military History Online -The Soviet Invasion of Manchuria and the Kwangtung Army." Military History Online - The Soviet Invasion of Manchuria and the Kwangtung Army. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2017."Redirect Notice." Redirect Notice. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2017."Redirect Notice." Redirect Notice. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2017."Soviet invasion of Manchuria." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 19 Mar. 2017. Web. 20 Mar. 2017."The Fall of Berlin, 1945." The Fall of Berlin, 1945. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2017.