Independent assortment Nathan Bolinger

Nondisjunction-the failure of one or more pairs of homologous chromosomes or sister chromatids usually resulting in an abnormal distribution of chromosomes in the daughter nuclei.

Recessive genes- genes that are less likely to occur

Dominant genes- genes that are more likely to occur

Somatic cell- body cells containing 46 cells

Germ cell- cells that contain half the number of cells than a somatic cell

The Genotype in the 21st chromosome can determine the phenotype by making the person have down syndrome.

Klinefelter's syndrome- A mutation that is caused by genetics and is caused by a extra x or y chromosome

Turner's disease- A mutation caused by genetics that is caused by the absence of an x or y chromosome leaving someone with only

Colorblindness- A mutation in the x chromosome, more commonly in males, that makes someone not be able to tell the difference between colors

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