The Vietnam War Timeline by Alex Amezcua

The beginning

After WWII, Japan was driven out of Vietnam and France came to claim Vietnam however, Ho Chi Minh would not allow that and created independence for Vietnam. The U.S didnt allow this and aided the french in the war. Chi and the Vietcong defeated the French which allowed Vietnam to claim independence for both the North and South. The U.S. were scared because they believed on the Domino Theory or in other words, if Vietnambecomes a communist then many other countries in South East Asia will also become a communist. This caused many to be scared and climax to the horrific lost for the U.S. in the Vietnam war.

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)

A North Vietnamese patrol fired against a U.S destroyer named The USS Maddox that was roaming and cursing around the Gulf of Tonkin. The North missed and caused the U.S to fire back in which caused damage to both sides. This caused Lyndon B Johnson to prepare and later launch bombing strikes onto North Vietnam. InĀ 1964, The Gulf Tonkin Resolution was not a grant for war however, the U.S. congress granted Lyndon B Johnson broad military powers in Vietnam. This allowed the U.S. military to be involvement in South Vietnam and open warfare to the North.

Anti-Vietnam protest Washington, d.c. (October, 1967)

In Washington, D.C. People gathered to have a rally and march into Johnson's administration. The rally contained young people that are in college who were going to be drafted in the war. They drawn forward to the administration to ask and change the conflict of the Vietnam war. The protesters pleaded that the war should stop and allow the troops to return home. Lbj ignored all the protests which caused many people to disapprove the war and start an outbreak.

Tet offensive (January, 1968)

On October 1967, a battle in Saigon was considered as the turning point of the war. The vietcong turned back as the U.S. and south had regain their place in the war. 32,000 soldiers of vietcong were dead and a little over 3,000 soldiers from the U.S. were killed. This was a turning point to the public eye as a psychological and political stand point that cause the Americans to be shook. Eventhough, they were told the number of casualties of the vietcong, the shocking images of attacks by the enemy that seem to be everywhere.

My Lai massacre (November, 1986)

Lieutenant William Calley, Jr. had massacre innocent civilians in the small village of My Lai in North Southern Vietnam. Calley was searching all around the village for enemies and the vietcong however, he wasn't able to find anyone due to how everyone look the same. He gathered the villagers and commended the troops to "Kill anything that breathed." which were Calley's exact orders. They shot over 200 villagers. Calley was charged and imprisoned. This cause the country's mood and tone to be less explosive and outraging meaning that the war was winding down.

Richard Nixon Win Presidency (November, 1986)

Nixon became president and claimed about the U.S. troops withdrawals and the troops returning home from Vietnam. Although, he promised this, he allowed the war to continue which would last for more than five years which caused the public to start trusting the government even more as the government creates more falsely promises that also caused the war to wind down even more and the public to remain calm and relaxing until, the Cambodia Invasion.

Nixon and Cambodia (April,1970)

Nixon disscussed and announced the invasion of Cambodia to clear out the North Vietnam and the Vietcong in order to defeat the north and the rebels. This caused many young people to protest and start a big rally to discuss the end of the war. This caused many colleges to close down because of the college kids going to protest about the Cambodia invasion.

Kenn State shooting (May,1970)

A massacre protest led to the burning of the ROTC building. This cause the mayor to call the national guard where the students started throwing bottles as they showed up. In response, the national guard shot many people, over 12 injuries and 2 innocent bystanders death. The national guard responded with, "The students got what they were asking for." This led to a division between two groups, they college students and people that were called "Hardhats" these people supported the governments ideas such as the group called "Eagles."

Pentagon papers (June,1971)

A department worker with the name of Daniel Ellsberg leaked paper to the news from the Pentagon stating plans. One of them was the promise of not letting the U.S. troops go to Vietnam. The second one was the Vietnam was never going end and keep going unless the North and Vietcong surrenders. This shows that no one was able to trust the government because of all the lies that they have kept from the public eye and in other words, the government was never trustworthy in the public eye after the Pentagon papers.

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