Main spices were cloves, nutmeg, and mace. They were used to season meat, also in perfumes and medicine. Europeans gained spices through trade with Muslim traders (monopoly). Monopoly was where the seller faces no competition, as he is the sole seller of goods.
- Causes: Spices brought in money.
- Effect: Money could not be spent on other things such as new technology for navigation throughout Asia and the new world.
- Cause: Countries that did find the spices were rich, for example Portugal.
- Effect: Portugal had monopoly for other countries.
- Cause: Spices only grew on a few Islands like in the south Pacific Indies.
- Effect: Explorers would have to set out and navigate to find these spices.
Labor in the New World.
Europeans became addicted to sugar.
- Cause: The natives were treated cruelly by the Spanish.
- Effect: Caribbean natives decimated by diseases, the treatment was received by the Spanish. A Spanish priest named Bartolome De Las Casas went back to Spain and protested for the Native rights.
- Cause: Spanish Conquistadors and other leaders were granted land.
- Effect: The Spanish took over the Caribbean Islands and brought over Africans and forced the natives to work.
- Cause: Sugar cane plantation in Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Barbados.
- Effect: Many American Indians and Africans were taken to work on the Caribbean plantations of sugar canes.
A system of trade in the 18th and 19th century from Europe, Africa, and the New World (America). It was used to exchange goods, slaves, and precious metals between the countries to boost their economics.
- Cause: Slaves being captured and kidnapped to be shoved in cargo ships.
- Effect: Diseases, starvation, and death.
- Cause: Slaves were brought over from Africa.
- Effect: Slaves increased marketing profit for the white men. They didn't have to pay the slaves for their work, therefore making profits out of them.
- Cause: Mercantilism- exporting of goods and precious metals
- Effect: Shipments to the New World and Europe brought back money, having a good economy in their countries.
- ""The Middle Passage"." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2017.
- "Juneteenth World Wide Celebration." Juneteenth World Wide Celebration. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 April. 2017.