The Empire of Mali was in the Western African region.To the North was the Sahara and they bordered the Atlantic Ocean. It was mainly hot and dry. Their religion was Islam. Usually they traded with Arabic empires. Mansa Musa was a very important leader to Mali. This Empire lasted from 1235 CE to 1600 CE. People were divided into castes. One of the most respected ones were the farmers because they provided food for the Empire. They are food producers. They also have cultural fun like with music.
The Askum empire bordered the Arabian sea and some of the Arabian Peninsula. They were mainly christians. The Askum empire usually traded with the Roman empire. They traded salt, gold, ivory, gems, cloths, glass, and olive oil. They had beautiful architecture, they had blended culture, and they were traders. They had their own language and their own coins. They aren't a current country but the empire surrounded what was once theirs but now it is Eritrea, Northern Ethiopia, Sudan, Yemen, and Southern Saudi Arabia.