Civil Rights Act of 1964 Alicia Nhep

Background

First Proposed by John F. Kennedy, the Civi Rights Act of 1964, was signed on July 2nd, 1964 by Lyndon B. Johnson at the White House. The act outlawed discrimination of race, sex, religion, color or national region in employment, as well as, requiring equal access to public places and employment, and enforced desegregation of schools and the right to vote. This historic bill didn't occur overnight, but there were many events that lead up to the signing. After the Civil War, there were a trio of constitutions that allowed other races to vote; however, with the use of literacy tests and "Jim Crow Laws" there were still strict segregation rules enforced.

Events leading up the the Civil Rights Act of 1964

Goal of the Event

The main purpose of the Civil Rights Act was to ban segregation of race, religion, or national origin. Minorities could no longer be discriminated against and denied any type of service or employment. It was no longer okay for schools to separate based on race, and it ended unequal application of voter registration requirements. Although it didn't end the oppression of African Americans completely, it did help open the door to further opportunities.

Lyndon B Johnson signing the Civil Rights Act with over 75 pens who he gives to those around him.

Who Was Involved?

The bill was first called for by John F Kennedy in his civil rights speech of 1963. He asked that "all americans the right to be served in facilities which are open to the public" right after the increase in protests and black riots down in the south. Many civil right leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr, Dorothy Height, Roy Wilkins, and John Lewis were in attendance alongside President Lyndon B. Johnson in the signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. By law, discriminating against someone based on color, sex, or religion was then illegal in the United States of America. The bill was to help minorities gain equality, and so it did its best.

Everyone gathered along slide Johnson witnessing him while he signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964

Obstacles it faced

One of the biggest obstacles in the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was physically passing the bill. Because debate is limited, regular Legislative committees in the House of Representatives can't report bills straight to voting. It has to go through a process starting with the House Rules Committee, where it is decided how the bill will be debated, however, many bills don't make it out. In 1963 one of the chairmen was a southern conservative who tried to put an end to all civil rights legislation and tried to delay the bill as long as possible. Moving on, it goes to the senate. The senate has unlimited debate where senators can execute a bill by simply talking. The Civil Rights Act become weak; however, with the liberal senators supporting the bill, it came to a vote and eventually passed.

The final record of the roll call vote of the bill.

Lasting Impacts of the Event

The Civil Rights Act changed America by reaching out to more ideas and furthering the Civil Rights Movement. It was no longer allowed to deny an application based on someones race saying "white only", restaurants couldn't deny anyone service, and there were no longer signs up to separate different bathrooms, and water fountains. Along side the Brown vs Board of Education, there were more efforts to end segregation of public schools and universities. The Act required schools to actually take action and restrict the split of races.

To the left is an all white classroom, and on the right is LBJ shaking hands with MLKJ after the signing of the historic Civil Rights bill.

Occupy Wall Street

Occupy Wall Street is a protest movement that began on September 17, 2011 to create global economic balance. It started in Liberty Square in Manhattan's Financial District, and has now spread to over 1500 cities worldwide. The main issues brought up by Occupy Wall Street were not only economic and social inequality but corruption and the influence of corporations on government. Their goals was to create amore balanced distribution of income, more jobs, forgiveness of student loan debt, better foreclosure, and more. Many of the protestors were young, but as the protest grew, the demographics became older.

Similarities

In both these events they fight for equal pay and equal employment. Occupy Wall Street protest economic equality while the Civil Right Act enforces general equality for all. Occupy Wall Street call themselves the 99% stating that a tiny minority control Americas wealth. Average incomes increased, especially for the richest. Over two thousand protestors line up in Manhattan and camped for weeks. After awhile things began to become violent and it went global. Passionate citizens got together in over 80 cities and marched together on the "Day of Rage". Everyone started to dress in riot gear and armed policemen raided the riots. Overall the protests went on for about seven months. This relates to the many riots during the civil Rights Movement which led up to the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Photos from the Occupy Wall Street protests showing the different signs of what everyone was protesting for.

WORKS CITED

Loevy, R. D. (n.d.). A Brief History of The Civil Rights Act of 1964. Retrieved April 27, 2017, from https://faculty1.coloradocollege.edu/~bloevy/CivilRightsActOf1964/

Civil Rights Act of 1964. (n.d.). Retrieved April 27, 2017, from https://www.nps.gov/subjects/civilrights/1964-civil-rights-act.htm

History.com Staff. (2010). Civil Rights Act. Retrieved April 27, 2017, from http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/civil-rights-act?scrlybrkr=ef5b5c9e

About. (n.d.). Retrieved April 27, 2017, from http://occupywallst.org/about/

Occupy Wall Street. (2017, April 26). Retrieved April 27, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occupy_Wall_Street?scrlybrkr=8a3a98e0

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