China's Sea Level Impact Miners effects on the acidification of the Oceans

  • China's population is currently at 1.37 billion people.
  • China Seas is an series of marginal seas in the Western Pacific Ocean
  • The four seas of China, the Bohai Sea, the Huanghai Sea, the East China Sea, and the South China Sea.
  • Occupy a total area of about 4.7 million km2, half of the area of China mainland.

Ocean Acidification

Ocean Mining

  • Polymetallic nodules 4,000 – 6,000 m Nickel, copper, cobalt, and manganese
  • Manganese Crusts 800 – 2,400 m Mainly cobalt, some vanadium, molybdenum and platinum
  • Sulfide deposits 1,400 – 3,700 m Copper, lead and zinc some gold and silver

Effects: Coral bleaching, lower sea level, loss of sea life, increase in acidity, food web effected.

The cycle: Miners USE UP ONE SPOT, MOVE TO THE NEXT. The spots are depleted, the coral reefs dies. The water health, quality of food web and the economy dies.

"10 years ago, ocean acidification nearly collapsed the annual $117 million West Coast shellfish industry, which supported more than 3,000 jobs. Ocean currents pushed acidifacion into costal areas, making it difficult for baby osysters to use their limited energy to build protective shells. In effect, the crop was nearly destroyed." - New York Times; Richard W. Spinrad and Ian Boyd

Long term projections: dead zones, economy loss (diet), effects climate change.


  • Climate Central: Researching and reporting the science and impact of climate change.
  • Untied States Environmental Protection Agency : Future of Climate Change
  • Oceana : Major Emitters Among Hardest Hit by Ocean Acidification
  • Biogoesceiences : Reviews ad Syntheses; Ocean acidification and its potential impacts of marine ecosystem
  • The New York Times: Our Deadened, Carbon Soaked Seas.
  • Ocean Acidification Threatens Food Security, Report.
  • Acceleration of Modern Acidification in the South China Sea Driven by Anthropogenic CO2

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