Chapter 5, Parts 2-3 By: Joshua Muroff

St. Thomas Aquinas

St. Thomas was born in 1226 in Belcastro, Italy to a wealthy noble family. At the age of five he was given to the care of Benedictine of Monte Cassino. As he showed his genius, and holiness at the young age of ten he was sent to the University or Naples to study. At the University of Naples he grew in holiness, and humility despite the fact after one lesson from a teacher he would be more knowledgeable them his professor. Since his family was against St. Thomas becoming a Dominican they tried to oppose him. They ( his two older brothers) decided to look St. Thomas in a castle and sent a woman into his room as to seduce him and break his holy endeavor. St. Thomas sent the woman running away chasing her with a firebrand out of his room he was locked in. St. Thomas would finally escape when his sisters lowered him down in a basket as an act of kindness. After his escape from the castle he decided to study under St. Albert the Great, a very smart,and wise Dominican father in Cologne, Germany. Since St. Thomas was very humble and quiet during class refusing to participate in the class debates other students that he was a simple-minded fellow. Those assumptions along with St. Thomas' size lead to him being nicknamed The Dumb Ox. Then St. Albert the Great who knew of St. Thomas' intellect said to them “you call him the Dumb Ox; I tell you this Dumb Ox shall bellow so loud that his bellowings will fill the world.” These words proved prophetic.”

. St. Thomas would later become a very large and important church father. He was Dominican friar during the thirteenth century. Before that he attended university of Paris and studied theology. He Would later hold a chair in their theology department. He would through a system basically approach all the real questions of Christianity. He would then get to create his large encyclopedia like work the Summa Theologiæ. The Summa is like his explanation of Christianity and everything that goes along with it like Christ's divinity and humanity, and more. Many of St. Thomas's works were dedicated towards the rectified problem philosophically when the rediscovery of the great philosopher Aristotle came about. Though some feared Aristotle would not be good for the Christian church; St. Thomas connected Aristotle's ideas to the Christian Faith. Then in 1273 towards the end of his life he saw a vision before offering mass. St. Thomas Aquinas' books and treaties will remain unsurpassed in offering a comprehensive look through Christian theology.

St. Francis of Assisi

St. Francis was born a small hilltop in the Umbria reigon of Italy. His father originally named him John but his dad renamed Francesco or "the Frenchman" because he feel in love with France when he visited it. He was a stranger in his town, he would eventually become a stranger throughout the entire world. In the history of the church there are very few people who can rival St. Francis in terms of his display of the heart of Christ. St. Francis was a rather regular boy in the town of Assisi. At the age of sixteen he got live out his dream as crusader. He was part of one of the few little brawls his townsmen raged against the Perugians who held the the castle at Assisi. Then St. Francis was wounded and captured and then bore illness during his time as a prisoner of war. This experience was traumatic to the young St. Francis he became more diligent in prayer and and meditation to Christ. That was compared to his friends who were still in their celebratory years of life. But St. Francis became a distant figure detached from society. He no longer held interests of his friends and he despised many things in and of the world. St. Francis however did not convert till he was twenty two after he went through a spiritual crisis. He then full heartedly devoted himself to his prayer and during these practices he has a mystical experience. While he was praying in St. Damian's church he heard a voice that told him to go and rebuild Christ's home again. He took the message literally and decided to rebuild a church. He took his father's horse and an armful of lien and cloth and sold them at the market. He brought all of the money he got to a poor priest at the church who refused the gift. St. Francis found no need for money so he flung it aside. However St. Francis' dad was an economical and practical man who was in disarray with the generosity of St. Francis' actions. After St. Francis' dad beat him for his genorosity St. Francis ran away and hid in a cave for a month. The people threw stones at St. Francis when he came out from the cave. His father disowned his son's inheritance and wanted his son to face civil punishment. When St. Francis heard of his dad's desire he said he was outside civil jurisdiction. Then his dad dragged him to the center of Assisi that way the bishop could decide who was right. Then Francis disowned his father and said his father is God. Then St. Francis stripped as to show that he was no longer part of his father. When Francis heard of how Jesus said to go preach with nothing he went out and wore only a brown peasants tunic and began begging with the poor. In 1209 it started the Franciscan order when people started to follow and do as St. Francis did. When he got eleven people he made an order of monastic poverty. Then Pope innocent III verberally approved Francis' rule. Then in 1223 Pope Honorius III formally approved the Fransician rule. St. Francis baked Eucharist amd gave it to churches and asked the Clergy to give rural churches the blessed sacrament and renovate them. Humility was Francis' driving virtue and his order grew to five thousand Friars. On September 14, 1224 he received the stigma of the Christ. Then two years and twenty days later he died in Assisi. He canonized in 1228. His feast day is October 4.

St. Dominic

St. Dominic went to Southern France to stop the spread of the heresy Albigensianism. St. Dominic and St. Diego were helping the abbot of Citeaux and when they would help and have discussions with the people and heretic about Albigensianism and would usually beat them in their discussion. But did not win in coverting the people. Diego had to go for he had to return to his diocese but Dominic stayed and helped the zealous religious' as the monastery. St. Dominic heard about St. Francis and followed his idea of poverty. St. Dominic saw that education of Christian religious was necessary to help convert the Albigensianists. Dominic started sending his followers to the university of Paris to study that way he could educated Christ's apostles. St. Dominic's rule began to pay off. He started to use the Rosary the recitation and promotion of it was used to convert the Albigensians. The legend goes that Mary appeared to St. Dominic who was sad and in distress about converting them back to the catholic faith. Mary urged St. Dominic to be optimistic and pray the Rosary so that his evangelization as he entrusted Mary and promoted the faith. This Marian devotion lead to the promotion of the Rosary as a way of prayer and love for Mary and Christ. By the time of St. Dominic's death in 1221 his followers totaled sixty. These Dominicans began teaching at the university of Paris they became the strongest and most humble professors. Then the Dominicans began to travel all over founding schools and converting many to Catholicism. By following St. Dominic's faith many joined the Catholic Church and educating many.m

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