Housing Styles

Adobe

This housing style is prominent in New Mexico. It is know for having thick, smooth adobe walls. Adobe is made from mud with a high clay content and straw. These houses have flat roofs and deep set windows. They have rough pole beams projecting through the walls and are designed to stay cool in hot, dry weather.

Adobe House

Dutch Colonial

This housing style is more common in New York and Delaware. It is usually made of fieldstone, stone it it's natural form, or brick. The roof extends over an open porch which is know as a Dutch Kick. The chimney is not in the center and off to one side.

Fieldstone

Dutch Colonial

French Normandy

French Normandy are also called Norman Cottages. They contain a central turret which was once used to store grain but is now used for the staircase location. The houses are typically 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 stories. Some parts of the home are half-timber. Half-timber is a method of building external and internal walls that are constructed of timber frames that are filled in with various materials, such as brick, plaster, etc.

Half-timber construction
French Normandy

French Plantation

These houses are most common in the Southern States. French plantation houses contain a lot of French doors and a broad roof to cover the porch. Their entrances are typically located in the center of the house and have columns. They are usually symmetric with evenly spaced windows

French Plantation

Cape Cod

A popular home built in the 1930s. It is typically 1 1/2 stories tall and are on the smaller side. They contain a steep roofline, wood siding, multi-pane windows and hardwood floors. They have dormer windows which makes the house feel larger, adds space and ventilation.

Dormer Window
Cape Cod

Victorian

There are several different styles that fall into the Victorian era such as a Queen Anne. The Victorian era started at about 1860 and ended around 1900. The Victorian houses are known for being romantic, have a lot of detail from patterns and fabrics. Today, the houses still maintain the original character but are updated with the patterns and fabrics. Victorian houses often have a steep roof, a dominant front-facing gable, patterned shingles, and a bay window.

Victorian House

Tudor

The architectural characteristics can be related back to the early 16th century Tudor dynasty in England. However, the house that we see today are reinvented and loosely based on medieval prototypes. Common characteristics of a Tudor house include a steep-pitched room, prominent glass gables, decorative half-timbering framing, and tall, narrow windows with small windowpanes.

Tudor House

Craftsman

The craftsman, also know as arts and crafts, was very popular from 1905-1930 but is making a come back today. On the inside of the house contains a lot of work work such as built in shelves and benches. The outside of the house has a low-pitched room, wide overhangs, exposed roof rafters, and porches framed by square columns.

Craftsman House

Ranch

Ranch style houses have simple floor plans that are one story with styles that date back to the 1930s. They have an attached garage with efficient living spaces throughout the house. It was one of the most styles of houses during 1950s and 1960s and is still being built today.

Ranch House

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