THE FIVE W's
Who: The Cheyenne and Arapaho Native Americans and Colonel J. M. Chivington and his troops
What: 500-600 Indians were killed by Colonel Chivington and his troops because they were said to be hostile to whites and they could be associated with the Native American/tribes/band/party who murdered or kidnapped whites and destroyed valuable property (guilty acts of hostility).
When: November 29, 1864 at sunrise
Where: Native American territory called Sand Creek in Colorado
Why: Major Scott J. Anthony told Colonel Chivington that the Indians in that camp were hostile since they had fired at his sentinels.