Ancient African Kingdoms deja battle

Ghana is a region in Africa that has a tropical climate. Located only a few degrees north of the equator. Ghana is mostly hot and humid. It is surrounded by low plains, deserts, and grasslands.

The religion from past time was Islam. Today Christianity has became very popular, Christianity is now the main religion and Islam is secondary.

Ghana became the center for trade. Children were sold into a life of labor and abuse. Western traders arrived in ships filled with manufactured goods to barter or trade for slaves. Slaves for traded for goods and labor work

Camels brought goods such as books, salt, textiles and tools. The variety of goods were traded for gold, ivory and slaves with regions south of Ghana. Ghana had an abundance of gold but they did not have items like salt.

  • Kwame Nkrumah, the political leader of the Gold Coast, to name his country Ghana when it attained independence in 1957. When he was not busy making rules for the kingdom he worked on the trades. Nkrumah was a strong leader ho the people liked.
  • There are over 100 ethnic groups living in Ghana. Some groups are famous for the luxury and wealth of their rulers, they are now more well known for their craft-work such as hand-carved stools, fertility dolls, and ‘kente’ cloth. Kente cloth is made cotton and is woven in bright, narrow strips with complex patterns.
Modern Ghana is Africa’s second-biggest gold producer and second-largest cocoa producer. It is also rich in diamonds and oil.
Mail experiences a hot and dry climate . Largely flat plateaus and plains cover most of the region with mountains.
  • The religion of Mali is 98% Muslim with only 2% Christian
  • Slavery existed for many communities and kingdoms . Trade started in the 15th century. The Portuguese first began to kidnap people from the west coast of Africa. Some slaves were traded in exchange for gold.
  • Sundiata founded the empire of Mali. Mansa Musa ruled Mali in 1300 and doubled its size. While he was ruling he lead the way for Muslim merchants, scholars, and architects to come to Mali.
  • Each of Mali’s dozens of ethnic groups have their own unique languages and history. Colorful flowing robes many locals wear are called boubout, but handmade cotton mud cloth fabric also plays an important role in Mali’s culture and economy. Holidays are also observed and businesses close for half days on Friday and Sunday, as well as all day on Saturday's.
This is how they sometimes traded
Landscape

Great Zimbabwe is a ruined city in the south-eastern hills of Zimbabwe near Lake Mutirikwe . The climate is mostly hot and dry. There is a short cool season during the period May to September when the whole country has very little rain.

Archaeological evidence suggests that Great Zimbabwe became a center for trading, with artifacts suggesting that the city formed part of a trade network and extending as far as China. International trade was mainly in gold and ivory. Slaves were also traded in exchange for gold and silver.

Zimbabwe was once called Rhodesia until April 18th 1980 when Great Britain recognized the country's independence and Rhodesia's name was officially changed to Zimbabwe.

Dancing is very important in Zimbabwean culture.

In current Zimbabwe Eating out is not common, even among men in the urban areas. Travelers purchase soft drinks and prepared food, such as fried cakes, potato chips, roasted maize, and sugarcane from vendors. A higher proportion of the white population regularly buys prepared meals and eats in restaurants.

Food in Zimbabwe has remained traditionally African for the most part,Mapopo candy is a farvorite of the people. Papaya is one of the main crops in Zimbabwe so they created a candy piece from it.

The climate of Songhai is hot and wet from May to October. The climate from November to February is cold and dry. Over all the Songhai Empire was hot, dry, and the crops was hard to farm.

The Songhai are 99.5% Muslim. They believed in many gods. But the majority of people of Songhai were Muslim.

Kola nuts, gold, ivory, slaves, spices, palm oil and precious woods were traded in exchange for salt, cloth, arms, horses and copper. European cities along coast used to buy and sell African slaves for profit in Americas especially Brazil and Caribbean to work on sugar plantations. Slaves were also used to help transport goods across the Sahara Desert to Morocco and the Middle East.

The Songhai culture became a blend of traditional West African beliefs. •The city of Timbuktu became an important city of trade and education during the Songhai Empire.

Farming was very difficult sometimes because of the weather.

Works Cited

"Africa: Ancient Ghana." The Medieval Ages (330-1629). N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Mar. 2017.

"African Empires, Slavery and Europeans." African Empires, Slavery and Europeans, 1550 to 1700. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Mar. 2017.

"African Empires, Slavery and Europeans." African Empires, Slavery and Europeans, 1550 to 1700. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Mar. 2017.

"Ancient Africa." Ducksters Educational Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Mar. 2017.

"Ancient Africa." Ducksters Educational Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Mar. 2017.

"Ancient Africa." Ducksters Educational Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Mar. 2017.

"Everyday Life In An Early West African Empire." 100 Facts about the Songhai Empire. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Mar. 2017.

"Ghana." Countries and Their Cultures. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Mar. 2017.

"Great Zimbabwe Ruins." Great Zimbabwe. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Mar. 2017.

"Great Zimbabwe." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 06 Mar. 2017. Web. 09 Mar. 2017.

"People & Culture." Our Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Mar. 2017.

"Zimbabwe." Ducksters Educational Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Mar. 2017.

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