After the Western Roman Empire came to an end, many different peoples lived throughout Europe.
King Clovis won the support of Romans living in his kingdom when he accepted Christianity.
Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne "Emperor of the Romans."
Vikings sailed the northern seas in boats powered by oars and the wind. The longship is a replica of a Viking ship that carried explorers.
During the Early Middle Ages, several different groups invaded and settled in Europe.
This image shows Pope Gregory VII wearing his official vestments as head of the Church.
In the days before printing presses, monks helped preserve knowledge by copying Classical Greek and Roman writings as well as the Bible and other early Christian writings.