Tuberculosis MacKinzie Kane

Tuberculosis is a potential serious infectious bacterial disease that mainly affects the lungs.
Deaths in the United States from tb: There were a total of 493 deaths in 2014 alone, the most recent year for this specific data. the number of TB deaths reported annually has decreased by 71% since 1992.
Anatomy of TB-chronic bacterial infection that attacks the lungs first, but may also affect the kidneys, bones, lymph nodes, and brain.
Physiology of TB-Infection with mycobacterium tuberculosis results most commonly through exposure of the lungs or mucous membranes to infected aerosols. Droplets in these aerosols are 1-5 μm in diameter; in a person with active pulmonary TB, a single cough can generate 3000 infective droplets, with as few as 10 bacilli needed to initiate infection.
Vaccine: The BCG vaccine(bacilli Calmette-Guérin) contains a weakened strain of TB bacteria, which builds up immunity and encourages the body to fight TB if infected with it, without causing the disease itself. This is a live vaccine and has been around since 1921. The BCG vaccination is thought to protect up to 80% of people for up to 15 years.The BCG vaccine contains a weakened strain of TB bacteria, which builds up immunity and encourages the body to fight TB if infected with it, without causing the disease itself. The BCG vaccination is thought to protect up to 80% of people for up to 15 years. About three out of 10,000 people who receive the vaccine experience minor side effects.

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Created with images by NIAID - "Mycobacterium tuberculosis Bacteria, the Cause of TB"

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