Mapmaking Marcin Ciszek

Why did people make maps during the civil war? People made maps because soldiers needed to know where the borders of the states were. Soldiers back then did not know where they were battling, so sometimes they wold go the wrong way without a map. This is important because the states were either slave states or free states.

What were the confederate states? Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina and Virginia were the confederate states

Union states during the civil war? The union states were Maine, New York, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, California, Nevada, and Oregon.

Who decided to make maps and why? During the civil war, cartographers invented new techniques to map the country and the conflict more accurately than ever before in the nation's history. Since then, cartographic technology has evolved in many never imagined, but many basic elements of mapmaking remain the same.

What were examples of some maps? Some of the maps that the people made during the civil war were union maps, confederate maps, battlefield maps, field maps, and commercial maps.

Describe what Union maps were? Federal military authorities were aware that they were unprepared to fight a war on American soil. Any significant campaign into the seceding states could be successfully carried out only after good maps had been prepared. Existing Federal mapping units, such as the the Treasury Department's Coast Survey and the Navy's Hydro graphic Office, were considered of immense importance to the war effort.

Describe what Confederate maps were? The Confederate Army had difficulty throughout the war in supplying its field officers with adequate maps. The situation in the South was acute from the beginning of hostilities because of the lack of established government mapping agencies capable of preparing large-scale maps, and the inadequacy of reprinting facilities for producing them. The situation was further complicated by the almost total absence of surveying and drafting equipment, and the lack of trained military engineers and mapmakers.

Describe what Battlefield maps were? Many of these maps were used to illustrate official reports of the field commanders or were sent back to headquarters in Washington and Richmond for placement in the official files. Excellent examples of maps made to accompany an official account are those prepared by Hotchkiss to illustrate the "Report of the Camps and Marches & Engagements of the Second Corps, The maps were carefully executed in pen and ink and watercolors by Hotchkiss and his assistant Sampson B. Robinson between November 1864 and March 1865.

Describe what Field maps were? Although all successful field commanders realized the necessity of clearly understanding the lay of the land over which they were moving or fighting, some placed a higher value on mapping activities than others. Two eminent commanders that fall in this category are Generals William T. Sherman and Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson.

Describe what Commercial maps were? Throughout the American Civil War, commercial publishers in the North and to a lesser extent in the South produced countless maps for an eagerly awaiting public in need of up-to-date geographical information. Few families were without someone in the armed forces serving in a little-known place in the American South. Maps, therefore, were not only important sources of information, but also satisfied the patriotic impulses of the populace. Publishers in New York, Philadelphia, Washington.

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Marcin Ciszek

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