Made a pact with Germany (Hitler) called "Pact of Steel" which caused discrimination policies against the Jews in Italy
Joined war with Germany after Germany attacked Allies
Allies planned to invade Italy, caused Mussolini to step down and be arrested
Later tried to escape with his mistress, but underground Italy found out and had him and his mistress executed in April of 1945
* Was a school teacher for a short amount of time
* Was thrown out of Austria in 1909 because he criticized nationalism and militarism
* He originally hated Hitler because he also wanted to "rule the world"