Endangered species By: Gavin R., Edgar L., and Hunter O.

Introduction

Context (contribution to biodiversity):The gorilla is a very interesting species. They are very closely related to humans. Gorillas are very protective of their young and will get aggressive if threatened. The average height and weight of a male is up to 5.7 feet and 350 pounds, so you would probably not want to threaten them. They feed on stems, bamboo, and fruit. The Gorillas contribution to biodiversity is that they help to conserve the African rain forest habitat.

Thesis: The three reasons why we are saving the gorillas are that they prevent deforestation, they are very important to humans, and zoos can gain more money if they conserve the gorilla.

Main reason #1:Gorillas prevent deforestation in their habitat

Main reason #2: The gorilla provides medicine, research, and aesthetic appeal Gorillas are very important to humans, as research on them helps us learn more about ourselves.

Main reason #3: Gorillas are the most popular animal in zoos, which means that they generate the most money for their own conservation and the conservation of other zoo animals.

COUNTER CLAIM

Animal not being saved: Okapi and Hippo

Reason why (constraints): The hippo is not even endangered, so there is no urgent need to save it (why would you save something that does not need saving at the moment?). Also, hippos will cost the zoo mass amounts of money to conserve it , money don’t grow on tree’s .The okapi is not very popular, so it does not attract visitors to the zoo, in addition to the animal not contributing to the environment very much.

ECOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS

Introduction (topic sentence): A reason why zoos should save the Gorillas is because without them, deforestation would occur more often than normal in the rain forests and forests of Africa.

Evidence #1: Gorillas disperse seeds throughout their biome.

1. Analysis of evidence A: this helps the biome grow bigger and stronger because plants millions of seeds.

2. Analysis of evidence B: If gorillas go extinct then the forest won’t have as much plants. That can lead to less animals in the rain forest where the gorillas are located.

ADDITIONAL APPEALS

Introduction (topic sentence): A reason why zoos should save the Gorillas is because they have much importance for humans in our origin and who, what and where we came from

B. Evidence #1: According to trusted scientist, The gorilla is a close relative to a human being.

1. Analysis of evidence A: Scientist will be able to research the gorilla and learn more about themselves as they research.

2. Analysis of evidence B: If the we don’t conserve gorilla then researchers may not be able to discover more about the human body.

C. Evidence #2: Aylwyn Scally a geneticist states that “a sizable minority of 15 percent is in fact closer to gorillas, and another 15 percent is where chimpanzees and gorillas are closest”

1. Analysis of evidence A: 15 percent of our genes are close to gorillas

2. Analysis of evidence B: Alywyn Scally is saying that human beings are a really close relative to the gorilla.

D. Conclusion: To conclude, the gorilla is a very close relative to human beings, and help us research stuff that we never knew about ourselves

COST TO CONSERVE/RESOURCE REQUIRED BY THE SPECIES

Introduction (topic sentence): While gorilla resources may be costly, gorillas can actually help bring in more money to the zoo.

B. Evidence #1: Gorillas are the most popular animals at the San Diego zoo.

1. Analysis of evidence A: since gorilla is a popular species they bring in more tourist into the zoo, which results in more revenue.

2. Analysis of evidence B: The gorillas would also bring more tourists in to the city making it much more popular than it was before. For example, the San Diego Zoo made the city of San Diego a good tourists destination.

C. Evidence #2: Gorillas can bring in more money for the zoo, which the zoo could use for other things.

1. Analysis of evidence A: The zoo would grow even bigger, which would lead to more money.

2. Analysis of evidence B: More money equals more chances to conserve other animals besides the gorilla.

D. Conclusion: In conclusion, The zoo will get more money if they save the gorilla.

CONCLUSION

Re-stated main thesis: The three reasons why we are saving the gorilla are that they help prevent deforestation, they are very important for research, and zoos can benefit monetarily if they conserve the gorilla.

Main reason #1:Gorillas prevent deforestation in their habitat

Main reason #2: We can continue to conduct research on the gorilla species in order to learn more about the gorilla and ourselves

Main reason #3: Gorillas are the most popular animals at the San Diego Zoo. This means that gorillas bring in the most money to the zoo out of any other animal.

Call to action: So, we hope that the zoo makes the right decision in saving the gorilla, as it will help the zoo and the world.

REFERENCES AND CREDITS

Group, Leaf Writer. "What Ecosystems Depend on Gorillas?" Animals - Mom.me. Mom.me, 09 Nov. 2013. Web. 26 Apr. 2017. <http://animals.mom.me/ecosystems-depend-gorillas-10109.html>.

Jack, Quintin, Jillian, and Connor. "Our Food Web/Chain." Mountain Gorillas. Weebly.com. Web. 26 Apr. 2017. <http://savemountaingorillas.weebly.com/our-food-webchain.html>.

Animals, A-Z. "Okapi." A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Pictures and Resources. A-Z Animals, 16 Feb. 2017. Web. 26 Apr. 2017. <https://a-z-animals.com/animals/okapi/>.

"Mountain Gorilla: An Endangered Species." Bagheera. 2017. Web. 28 Apr. 2017.<http://www.bagheera.com/inthewild/van_anim_gorilla.htm>

"Hippo." Sandiegozoo.org. San Diego Zoo. Web. 28 Apr. 2017. <http://animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/hippo>

"Rivers and Biodiversity." InternationalRivers.org. International Rivers. Web. 28 Apr. 2017. <https://www.internationalrivers.org/rivers-and-biodiversity>

Mongabay. "Rainforest Biodiversity." Mongabay.com. 09 June 1999. Web. 28 Apr. 2017. <http://rainforests.mongabay.com/0301.htm>

"Unusual" Pictures: Lions vs. Hippo." National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 28 Apr. 2017. Web. 28 Apr. 2017. <http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/07/pictures/120710-lions-hippopotamus-south-africa-attack-rare-animals-science/>

irik, Kate. "Okapi (Okapia Johnstoni) Fact Sheet, 2009.”Behavior & Ecology - Okapi Fact Sheet 2009 - ResearchGuides at International Environment Library Consortium.. Web. 28 Apr. 2017.<http://ielc.libguides.com/content.php?pid=706435&sid=5857578>

Carla Litchfield Lecturer, School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy, University of South Australia. "Gorillas in Zoos – the Unpalatable Truth." The Conversation. 26 Jan. 2017. Web. 28 Apr. 2017.<http://theconversation.com/gorillas-in-zoos-the-unpalatable-truth-60249

Credits:

Created with images by Unsplash - "gorilla primate animal africa thoughtful expressive ape" • brokinhrt2 - "Gorilla" • randychiu - "Gorilla" • angela n. - "San Francisco Zoo" • Alexas_Fotos - "gorilla monkey funny animal zoo furry omnivore" • PublicDomainPictures - "africa animal ape big black endangered eyes"

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