Nation of Islam By:Taryn Thomas

"Black Muslims "

Nation of Islam was founded on July 4, 1930 in Detroit, Michigan by Wallace D. Fard and Elijah Muhammad . The goal was to improve spiritual, mental, social, and economic conditions of African Americans in the United States.

Nation of Islam have many beliefs similar to those of Islam. However they read the Quran,worship allah as their God and accepted Muhammad as their prophet with Black nationalism.

Elijah Muhammad, religious leader of Nation of Islam

Elijah Muhammad( Poole)October 7,1897-February 25, 1975. After moving to Detroit he met W.D Fard and became his successor to the Nation of Islam. He is well know for his preaching and being a mentor to the late Malcom X and Louis Farrakhan.

Wallace D. Fard , Founder of Nation of Islam

In 1930 Wallace naturalized in Detroit The Temple of Islam. There he preached that blacks should not be referred to as "Negros". He gave his followers Muslim names to replace the names given durning slavery. Unfortunately he disappeared in 1934 without a trace.

Wallace D. Fard or Wallace D. Ford?

According to the FBI Fard was born in New Zealand. After prison in California he moved to Detroit Michigan. Ford/Fard Believed that whites were the devil and exploited African-American people. His followers replaced their last names with "x" in order to renounce their slave ancestery. This explains Malcolm X's name

Fard/Ford had been lying about his race, he was really a white Turkish man. This caused much confusion in the Muslim community, and many of his followers denied the evidence given by the FBI.

W.D Ford commonly identified as an incarceration of Allah.


  • Allah created man, and the man he created was black.
  • They believe Allah is the original supreme black man
  • They do not believe in the monotheism in regular Islam beliefs.
  • The black race is superior to other races.
  • Tribe of Shabazz( blacks from 66 trillion years ago)
  • W.D.Fard said that the white man is the result of genetic manipulation by in evil scientist named Yakub.
  • Black is symbolic color of Good white is symbolic color of evil.
  • Believe the Bible has been tampered with it must be re-interpreted.
  • They believe in the resurrection of the dead not physical but mental. They believe blacks will be resurrected first.
  • They believe in only the good judgment of God.
  • They believe in the separation of Negroes and white Americans. They believe that no black man should have a name related towards slavery.
  • They believe that integration is hypocritical that it is the time for separation from whites of the nation.
  • They believe women should be respected and protected as the women of other nationalities are respected and protected.
  • They believe that Allah appeared in the person a form of master W.Fard Muhamed in July 1930.
Black Musliums during prayer

Important texts

Fard wrote two manuals that are the basic documents of the movement

  1. The Secret Ritual of the Nation of Islam."The unbeliever must be stabbed through the heart.”
  2. Teaching for the lost found Nation of Islam in a mathematical way.
The book that contains both sacred texts

They also believe in the Bible and the Quaran, however they believe it was tampered with so they mainly focus on the two books listed above.

Influence/ Spread/ Impact

Followers 100,000+

After Elijah Muhammad 's death in 1975 his son Warith Deen Muhammad transformed the Black Muslim movements, opening it up to whites and renaming it the American Muslim Mission. However in 1979 Louis Farrakhan broke away to establish a more radical Nation of Islam which restricts memberships to blacks, and advocates separation of blacks and whites. By turning racist ideas around to oppose whites , the movement has attracted many adherents and has had particular good success in converting prisoners, criminals , and drug users.

Malcom X who grew up in Lansing, Michigan went to prison and when released became very affiliated with The Nation of Islam. Malcom X became a leading spokesman for Black Musliums, appointed by Elijah Muhammad. He delivered messages saying whites Duncan not be trusted and that blacks should be proud of their heritage and to set up strong communities without help of white Americans. He believed that blacks should achieve what was rightfully theirs by any means necessary. X had many followers and led many rallies . Sadly in Harlem on February 21, 1965 he was gunned downed by rival Black Musliums. Although he died his ideas preached lived on in the Balck Power Movement.

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