The Neolithic Revolution
The First Agricultural Revolution was called the Neolithic Revolution, It was the transformation of human societies from hunting and gathering to farming. The transition took place worldwide from 10,000BC to 2,000BC. It was first recorded to be used by the early members of humanity that settled in the Fertile Crescent. Humans observed and learned about plants and discovered how to grow and cultivate plants. Changing their way of life dramatically, they could store their food, stay in one place and grow food instead of chasing it around. Wheat and barley were among to first crops to be grown and cultivated.
A type of grain that is used for cooking. This was mainly used for breads, and was among the main crops grown.
A widely known and used cereal, mainly used for cooking, brewing (beer), and for stockfeed, A large part in the raising and domesticating of animals.
The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to using machines to do work. Before, Men and women had to work by hand on all jobs, now with machines the number that required hand work was greatly reduced. This took place in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
factories made mass production much faster and more common
The Green Revolution
The Third Agricultural revolution was called the green revolution. It began in the late nineteenth century. It replaced human labor with mechanics, plus the development of food processing added economic value.
All human and animal labor was replaced with machines.
A GMO : The result of a laboratory process where genes from the DNA of one species are taken and artificially forced into the genes of an non-relative plant or animal.
Subsistence farming is when a farmer only grows what is needed not a surplus.
- GMO- A genetically modified organism (GMO) is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. It affects the plants through the seeds, and also has serious ramifications for organic and non-GMO farmers.
- Pros Of GMO's:
- resistance to insects
- tolerance to herbicides
- tolerance for heat, cold, or drought
- crop yield
- Antibiotic Resistance
Subsistence Farming- Self sufficiency farming where only what is needed is grown.
Sustainable Farming-The production of food, or animals, that is done in a way that protects the enviroment.
Commercial Farming- A large scale production of crops for sale.
- The Fertile Crescent is the site of the earliest planned sowing and harvesting of plants.
- There are around 2.2 million farms in the United States.
- Farm and ranch families comprise just 2% of the U.S. population.
- One in three farm acres is planted for export.