Southern Africa Pages 377-396

Landforms and Bodies of Water

  1. Southern Africa is bordered by the Indian Ocean on the East and the Atlantic on the west.
  2. The country of Madagascar occupies the world's fourth largest island.
  3. The regions three other island countries -Comoros, Mauritius, and Seychelles-are tiny.
Bodie of Water in africa.


  1. If Southern Africa's physical geography had to be described in one word it would be high.
  2. A series of plateaus that range in elevation from 3,000 to 6,000 feet cover most of the region.
  3. The Kalahari Desert is a vast sand-covered plateau that sits some 3,00 feet above sea level.

Bodies of water

  1. Zambezi
  2. Limpopo
  3. Orange

Which type of landform is common in southern africa?

The common landforms in South Africa are plateaus.


  1. Southern Africa has a wide variety ranging from humid to arid, dry and cool.
  2. Daily average temperatures range from the upper 60s and 70s, along the coast temperatures are warmer.

Temperature zones

  1. Summer days are warm-from 70 to 90 depending on elevation.
  2. Most of the rainfall is during the summer.

desert regions

  1. In the desert in the summer temperatures range from 80 to more than 100.
  2. The kalahari is hotter than the namib desert.

Why are temperatures in Southern African countries usually hot?

  1. Because of the elevation and plateaus.

What natural resources are found in southern africa, and why are they important?

They produce minerals and tin, zinc, copper, silver, and uranium. They gold and energy resources. They are important because the world would not have these things.

south africa's resources

  1. Southern africa has large mineral reserves.
  2. They also have energy reserves.

Energy resources

  1. Angola is one of Africa's leading oil producers.
  2. The regions rivers are another resource for providing power.

Minerals and other resources

  1. Namibia is Africa's richest countries in mineral resources.
  2. Gold is a leading export for Zimbabwe.


  1. Poaching is a major problem for Africa.
  2. They also have a wide variety of wildlife.

how does deforestation affect the energy supply in the region?

It allows sediment to flow into the rivers and causes less water to flow and then it reduces the amount of electricity the river produces.

history of southern africa-lesson 2

great zimbabwe

  1. 20,000 people live in Zimbabwe.
  2. Zimbabwe was abandoned in the 1400s.

The mutapa empire

  1. It thrived off the gold it mined and then traded it for goods with China and Africa.
  2. The Portuguese took over the trade in the 1600s.
portuguese art

other kingdoms

  1. A series of kingdoms rose and fell on the island of madagascar.
  2. French troops invaded Madagascar in 1895 and made it french possession.

european colonies

  1. The first settlements around the African coast were trading post.
  2. As time passed, the Europeans grew interested in exploiting Africa's goods and having their people do the labor.

clashes in south africa

  1. The Africans did not like the Dutch pushing into their land.
this popped up when i typed in dutch¯\_(ツ)_/¯

the union of south africa

  1. Britain gained the control of the cape colony.
  2. In the 1860s the boers discovered diamonds in their land and later found the world's largest gold deposits.

colonialism in other areas

  1. European control in Southern Africa continued for about 80 years.
  2. Not until the 1960s did the regions colonies begin to gain independence and self-rule.

which european country claimed the most territory in southern africa in the 1800s?


independence and equal rights

  1. Madagascar was the the first Southern African country to gain independence.

the end of portuguese rule

  1. While other European nations gave up their African colonies, Portugal refused to do so.

the birth of zimbabwe

  1. Rhodesia's population demanded the right to vote, When the government resisted then a guerrilla war began then shortly after they were allowed to vote.

equal rights in southern africa

  1. New government leaders made up a new method called apartheid a word meaning apartness, this limited all rights for blacks.
  2. The government's response to silent protests put mandela in jail.
  3. In 1994 Mandela became the the country's president.
Life in South Africa-lesson 3

the people of the region

  1. The people are all almost African Black except in southern africa where whites represent 10% of the nation.

population patterns

  1. Zambia is twice as big as Zimbabwe.
  2. South Africa and Angola are about the same size.
  3. Malawi is Southern Africa's most rural city.

ethnic and culture groups

  1. Southern Africa is home to many different languages.
  2. South Africa's Zulu make up the country's largest ethnic group.
  3. Ambo a smaller ethnic group live in angola and Namibia.

religion and languages

  1. Christianity was introduced to the region during the colonial era by christian missionaries.
  2. Most cities have large Muslim population.

what is the main religion practiced in southern africa?

Christianity mixed in with other traditional beliefs.

life in southern africa

  1. Urban and Economic growth are changing the traditional ways of doing things.

urban life

  1. Angola's capital holds approx. 4.5 million.

urban growth and change

  1. Because there are so many people it has been hard for the city to provide enough utility which includes water which has caused many diseases from drinking unclean water.
  2. Wealth from gold helps build fancy cities and downtown areas.
  3. Some cities such as Johannesburg has attracted people from across the world.

family and traditional life

  1. The people who live in the country use thatch to cover their roofs.
  2. Men often have more than one wife.

where in their countries do most africans live?

Urban areas

south africa today

  1. africa's wealth, mineral, and wildlife are the key to its future.

health issues

  1. Life expectancy is low because of lack of rural health care.


  1. Malaria is a very common disease in southern africa.
  2. Aids are a very common disease that many people die from.
  3. About one in every four adults have aids.

progress and growth

  1. Angola and Mozambique continue to rebuild thing that were damaged during the civil war.
  2. Tourism has brought back some beautiful beaches along the shore of mozambique.

help from other countries

  1. Many other countries have supported Southern Africa and the aids orphanages, also to get medication for aids to them.
  2. Tourism and other countries have helped southern get through the effects of apartheid.

why is life expectancy in africa so low?

It is low because of the many diseases and lack of rural doctors.

Created By
Ella Moffett


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