The original Plan was to route the pipeline across the Missouri River near Bismarck. But was rejected because of the route's proximity to municipal water sources residential areas and road, wetland, and waterway crossings. The Bismarck route would also have been 11 miles longer. The alternative selected by the Corps of Engineers crosses underneath the Missouri River half a mile from the Standing Rock Indian Reservation. A spill could have major adverse effects on the waters that the Tribe and individuals in the area rely upon. The reroute of the the pipeline under the Missouri River is what was the start the Dakota Access Pipeline Protest in early 2016.￼
Protesters from the Standing Rock Sioux tribe have been joined by supporters from other tribes and many non-Native American allies, both at the protest camp in North Dakota and other people throughout the world. Actor Mark Ruffalo and civil rights leader the Jesse Jackson also joined protesters at the Standing Rock Indian Reservation.
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The Army Corps approval of the permit allows the oil company to dig the pipeline under the Missouri River just upstream of the reservation and the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe’s drinking water supply. An oil spill at this site would constitute an existential threat to the Tribe’s culture and way of life.
The Dakota Access Pipeline protest was the modern day inequality just like the Sit Ins the 1960’s. The Dakota Access Pipeline protest and the 1960’s sit ins are similar because of the Dakota Access Pipeline protesters would not move out of the way of the pipeline and the workers were not able to move forward. Like the sit ins they wanted to make a change and stop segregation of whites and blacks so they sat in the white part of the restaurant and wanted to be served. Dakota Access Pipeline and the sit ins both became violent because the police that were at the front lines of the Dakota Access Pipeline protest. The 1960’s sit ins became violent because of the white people in the restaurant did not like were they were sitting. Both of these events made big impacts show whatever happens they will still fight for what they believe in no matter what happen to them.