1. Geography played a big role in the location of Rome. The place chosen for Rome was 15 miles up the Tiber River from the Mediterranean Sea. The Tiber River gave the Romans a water source and a way to the rest of the Mediterranean world. Which is one of the reasons why the Etruscans wanted to take over Rome, because the river was a good water source.
2. the Apennines mountain range ran all the way down the boot from north to south.The landscape of Italy is very close to Greece’s landscape but the Apennines are not as rugged as Greece’s mountains. They can be crossed or climbed much more easily (this could be bad for the Romans because invaders could climb over the mountains, but good for the Etruscans because they could invade Rome) the people who settled in Italy were not split up into small communities like the Greeks were which meant Italy had better farmland than Greece did. Its mountain slopes level off to very large and flat plains that are great for growing crops and with more room to grow and produce food this means Italy could supply more for food for more people than Greece could.
3. The first people that lived in Italy were groups from the north who came through Italy’s mountain passes around about 1500 B.C. and 1000 B.C. They were attracted by the mild climate and rich soil, (This is a good example on why the Etruscans wanted to take over Rome, because Rome had good farm land) a small amount of people settled in the hills and on the plains.
4. Rome was built on seven hills. The Romans did this on purpose because the hills were very steep this made it easy to protect the city against enemies, because the soldiers had a better view of the attackers. (this could be bad for the Etruscan because if they tried to invade Rome they would get killed. It is good for the Romans because they could defeat their attackers much more easly) Rome was also located at a place where people could easily cross the Tiber River which meant Rome became a stopping place for people traveling north and south in western Italy and for merchant ships sailing the western Mediterranean.