Life Stage: Infancy (Early Childhood)
During a sensory-motor period (Simplypsychology.org, 2017) cognitive development is on an equilibrium which forces the development for the knowledge that something still exists even if t is hidden. Our personalities are formed by the amount of nurture we have received and the environment we live in.(Healthofchildren.com, 2017) We are taught by our parents what to expect from life for example in Erik Erickson's theory during infancy the psychosocial stage between birth and one year is the trust, versus mistrust stage. If the child is well nurtured with consistent and stable parenting, with enough love and adequate care given to them they will learn that the wold is a happy place with people to support them in their environment when they need them. If they are roughly taken care of with unpredictable and inconsistent care, which is neglectful parenting they will learn that their needs will not be met and not to trust their care-givers.(Simply Psychology, 2017) Attatchments with family should be formed and bonding with family members (Uea.ac.uk, 2017)This is the most stressful life stage where one is exposed to and experiences the most trauma from life. r family, be eating solid food and becoming more independent from the caregiver. At this age children are socially absorbing all information whilst developing a conscience and personality. Jean Piaget's theory According to Erickson's theory, during this period, the psychosocial stage between birth and one year is the trust versus mistrust stage. Children will learn that the care-givers in their environment will be there when they need them to care and love and protect them, from this they will learn that the world is a good place, if their basic needs are consistently met they will trust their care givers. If they are brought up rough and unpredictably, and inconsistently, they will learn that their needs will not be met and not to trust their caregivers to be there to support them when needed. This is neglectful parenting. It is this stage when attatchments are formed and boding with caregiver's, Chantrea was breast fed which created a great bond, and because her mother although widowed, she had a good family support network, so was able to be there to look after her and her siblings. (Uea.ac.uk, 2017) Physiologically Chantrea had developed her fine and gross motor skills, she was able to walk and beginning to talk which was learnt by her social interactions with family. Childhood living was good for Chantrea but she was subject to poverty, malnutrition and poor living conditions, but well loved and nurtured by her family and other families in the commune. Educated by stories told from her grandparents and by mimicking her sibling and mother. Children actively construct knowledge from their environment based on actions and the interaction they have with physical objects, developing schemas which apply to different objects, which continue on an equilibrium until the child's schemas become more and more complex and mature with age which leads onto a mental interaction with their environment.(Verywell, 2017) Due to the impacts of chronic malnutrition in childhood, Chantrea had mental retardation and was very small in size.(Motherchildnutrition.org, 2017)
Life Stage 4: Adolescence
The transition from child to adult. During these teenage years from 12-18 years we experience puberty, causing mood changes with surges of hormones described by Sigmund Freud as 'the genital phase', a time of 'tremendous stress and turmoil with a storm of emotion and changes. During this time we will start to feel sexual feelings. Mixed up with an intoxication of instinctual impulses which creates conflict with the childhood characteristics of non- self control, immaturity and anxiety effect the way one can express their selves.: (Gulfbend.org, 2017) Biologically: Chantrea experienced menarche at age 12, her hips had begun to widen and by the age of 18 she had the body of a woman. Emotionally: Striving for full independence and autonomy from her mother and family. Socially: Chantrea was fully dependant and influenced by her friends now and wanted to establish her personality within her own right. Socio-Emotional: By the age of 14 Chantrea was married in an arranged marriage to Mohammed Memmedov just before the death of her mother who was infected with Yellow Fever lack of education therefor no income generating skills and scarce resources, this meant the marriage served as an intended trap, she went to live with her in-laws and offspring were born following the legal co-ersed marital sex at 13. This marriage was arranged by her mother for poor socio-economic status and poverty. Mohammed died and Chantrea was widowed at 18, left with 3 children to raise impoverished.
Life Stage 5: Early Adulthood Stage
Chantrea was at her physical peak, at this age between 19-35 Physiologically: Chantrea was in her full adult form during her physical peak, of fertility, full analytical cognition in brain development, and the most enduring of her environment. Emotional: Numbed and hardened to the world, suffering loss and bereavement, her love for her children, blocked out her losses and carried on with determination. Environment: Her environment had started to improve due to the end of the war, however, in recovery of recurrent interferences from the war within the environment, living were better but still exceptionally poor, living under corrupt government rules, there was little hope. Economically: Around 80% of wages spent on food she worked long hours on the farm reaping food for the commune. Still suffering from malnutrition and stunted growth in herself and children.