The Life of Chantrea Məmmədov Lifespan and Development

This story will tell the life development stages of: Chantrea Məmmədov

Life Stage One: Conception to Birth

This is the fetal stage of life where the embryo grows inside the Mother's womb.(Nhs.uk, 2017)Psychologically: Chantrea's brain was still developing in the womb but the stress and trauma of the war had a negative impact on mother's cell renewal. Economically: Supplies for food and resources were scarce, mother's protein, poor and squalid living conditions in mud huts in rural Vietnam. Socially: Mother had supportive family network and tight knit community in commune. Genetically: Vietnamese traits of coarse dark hair, Southern East Asian qualities, olive pigmented skin, dark oval eyes, all of these traits were found in mother and father therefore will be inherited in D.N.A.

Environmental: Mother and Father were war veterans in World War 2, areas of Vietnam had been sprayed with the toxic mixture of two herbicides named Agent Orange, producing birth defects in masses of the population born under this era. It damaged people's health and contaminated the environment for anyone in contact with it. Nature vs nurture debate, is a mixture of our genetic make-up and D.N.A that makes us who we are and the way we are nurtured and our environmental circumstances which form our personality, we can inherit traits and coping mechanisms, learnt from our ancestors behaviour which make up our personality.

Birth: Chantrea was delivered on the floor of a mud hut at home by grandmother, no pain killers, latched onto mother at birth and was breast-fed therefore given anti-bodies from mother. Due to lack of education or record keeping, it is unknown if there were complications in labour. In stage versus open ended theories it argues that we will go through stages of development milestones over a period of time. with static versus dynamic concepts, if we have no real sense of self, development cannot take place.(Insightcenter.net, 2017)

Rural Vietnam, place of birth.

Background: Rural Vietnam, lush countryside

Mud Huts to live in.

Chantrea's Father died during the civil war for independence from France of Malaria.

Farming in rural Vietnam

Life Stage: Infancy (Early Childhood)

During a sensory-motor period (Simplypsychology.org, 2017) cognitive development is on an equilibrium which forces the development for the knowledge that something still exists even if t is hidden. Our personalities are formed by the amount of nurture we have received and the environment we live in.(Healthofchildren.com, 2017) We are taught by our parents what to expect from life for example in Erik Erickson's theory during infancy the psychosocial stage between birth and one year is the trust, versus mistrust stage. If the child is well nurtured with consistent and stable parenting, with enough love and adequate care given to them they will learn that the wold is a happy place with people to support them in their environment when they need them. If they are roughly taken care of with unpredictable and inconsistent care, which is neglectful parenting they will learn that their needs will not be met and not to trust their care-givers.(Simply Psychology, 2017) Attatchments with family should be formed and bonding with family members (Uea.ac.uk, 2017)This is the most stressful life stage where one is exposed to and experiences the most trauma from life. r family, be eating solid food and becoming more independent from the caregiver. At this age children are socially absorbing all information whilst developing a conscience and personality. Jean Piaget's theory According to Erickson's theory, during this period, the psychosocial stage between birth and one year is the trust versus mistrust stage. Children will learn that the care-givers in their environment will be there when they need them to care and love and protect them, from this they will learn that the world is a good place, if their basic needs are consistently met they will trust their care givers. If they are brought up rough and unpredictably, and inconsistently, they will learn that their needs will not be met and not to trust their caregivers to be there to support them when needed. This is neglectful parenting. It is this stage when attatchments are formed and boding with caregiver's, Chantrea was breast fed which created a great bond, and because her mother although widowed, she had a good family support network, so was able to be there to look after her and her siblings. (Uea.ac.uk, 2017) Physiologically Chantrea had developed her fine and gross motor skills, she was able to walk and beginning to talk which was learnt by her social interactions with family. Childhood living was good for Chantrea but she was subject to poverty, malnutrition and poor living conditions, but well loved and nurtured by her family and other families in the commune. Educated by stories told from her grandparents and by mimicking her sibling and mother. Children actively construct knowledge from their environment based on actions and the interaction they have with physical objects, developing schemas which apply to different objects, which continue on an equilibrium until the child's schemas become more and more complex and mature with age which leads onto a mental interaction with their environment.(Verywell, 2017) Due to the impacts of chronic malnutrition in childhood, Chantrea had mental retardation and was very small in size.(Motherchildnutrition.org, 2017)

The life stages.
Infancy. Top right, pictured being carried tied to her older sister's back.

Life Stage Three: Late Childhood

Between the ages of 7-12. Emotionally:Following her protective bubble of innocence in infancy it was during this stage Chantrea had started to interact more mentally with her environment. The crisis of the war became imminent and interferences of armed forces created crippling anxiety distress, and psychological damage. Seeing her best friend shot to death by the U.S.A armed forces instilled a bitter vicious hatred within her which sought a vengance. Socially: She had grown more independent from her mother and was trying to form her own social identity, in the early stages influenced and formed heavy attachments with her friends. She was close to her sister. Culturally: War zone crisis, tight knit distaught and devastated communities, mother trying her best to gather food from exhausted and irreparably damaged farm. Education: Chantrea would play out with her school friends, was learning to read. Physiologically: Physical development was slow at this stage and her growth was stunted by the malnutrition caused by poor economy, poor living conditions and on-going poverty crisis. Henry Tajfel explains the concepts of social identity theory, where we form groups base on our perception of where we feel we belong and the groups we are in form an 'us against them' mentality, we remember an recognise positive traits in our own group and more negative facts about the opposing group.(Explorable.com, 2017) Idiographic examines a person's behaviour individually and explains a development of the sense of self, it argues that who we are and our social identity is made up of our experiences. As opposed to nomothetic focusing on large group's behaviour and attempts to control them, arguing that we are who we are socially connected to.(Simplypsychology.org, 2017)

Chantrea and her sisters Yen and Binh, aged 2, 3 & 4 in the mountains.
Rice Paddies

Life Stage 4: Adolescence

The transition from child to adult. During these teenage years from 12-18 years we experience puberty, causing mood changes with surges of hormones described by Sigmund Freud as 'the genital phase', a time of 'tremendous stress and turmoil with a storm of emotion and changes. During this time we will start to feel sexual feelings. Mixed up with an intoxication of instinctual impulses which creates conflict with the childhood characteristics of non- self control, immaturity and anxiety effect the way one can express their selves.: (Gulfbend.org, 2017) Biologically: Chantrea experienced menarche at age 12, her hips had begun to widen and by the age of 18 she had the body of a woman. Emotionally: Striving for full independence and autonomy from her mother and family. Socially: Chantrea was fully dependant and influenced by her friends now and wanted to establish her personality within her own right. Socio-Emotional: By the age of 14 Chantrea was married in an arranged marriage to Mohammed Memmedov just before the death of her mother who was infected with Yellow Fever lack of education therefor no income generating skills and scarce resources, this meant the marriage served as an intended trap, she went to live with her in-laws and offspring were born following the legal co-ersed marital sex at 13. This marriage was arranged by her mother for poor socio-economic status and poverty. Mohammed died and Chantrea was widowed at 18, left with 3 children to raise impoverished.

Continuous development appears in the graph to be accumulative whereas discontinuous portrays that each step is immediate and once it has been taken, the previous step is entirely in the past and rather than constantly developing, there are developmental milestones in which we will exhibit certain characteristics during a sectored number of years in our life span.

Life Stage 5: Early Adulthood Stage

Chantrea was at her physical peak, at this age between 19-35 Physiologically: Chantrea was in her full adult form during her physical peak, of fertility, full analytical cognition in brain development, and the most enduring of her environment. Emotional: Numbed and hardened to the world, suffering loss and bereavement, her love for her children, blocked out her losses and carried on with determination. Environment: Her environment had started to improve due to the end of the war, however, in recovery of recurrent interferences from the war within the environment, living were better but still exceptionally poor, living under corrupt government rules, there was little hope. Economically: Around 80% of wages spent on food she worked long hours on the farm reaping food for the commune. Still suffering from malnutrition and stunted growth in herself and children.

I

's FuneralThe fuMohammedneral of her husband Mohammed

Life Stage 6: Middle Adulthood. Following the 'Nature versus Nurture debate, we are constituted of genetics inherited from our parents. This concept argues between if it is because of our genes, that make us who we are, or is it because of how we are nurtured and our environment, experiences and what we are exposed to that forms our social identity.(Explorable.com, 2017) Environment: Living conditions had improved and Chantrea had independence and worked hard on the farm. Physical: Her physicality had started to deteriorate and she had begun a decline, with poor living conditions and poverty she was still malnourished.

Mud huts in Vietnam

End of Life and Late Adulthood, Chantrea aged 70

Biologically: Chantea's health has deteriorated and as we age cell renewal becomes less efficient, she suffers with brittle bones and osteoporosis due to her lack of nutrients and nourishment through life. Psychologically: Content in her environment. Cultural: family in their care and ancestors are worshipped and tell their stories to educate the young before they die. With the life expectancy in Vietnam being 75 and the deterioration of Chantrea's agility Chantrea is crippled with pain due to her osteoperosis. Socially from her family, and modern age developed accesibility to healthcare she has life satisfacion. The continuity theory explains Chantrea's statistically phenomenally long life.(Boundless, 2017) Due to carrying on and having a purpose continuing to do activities she did when younger. Life expectancy now, in 2017 is 75 for Vietnam, Chantrea is expected to die soon of old age.

Chantrea now with grand-daughter
Bao and Bay, Chantrea's grandson's, playing and bathing in the river. 2017 the environment has improved after all of the suffering of the war with cleaner water in the rivers, better nutrition due to better economics and government.

Credits:

Created with images by Voidbias - "south korea south k" • sasint - "children river birds"

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