Some of Machu Picchu's art involves carefully fitting individual stones against each other. Terraces were a common element of art. They increased the land surface and reduced erosion. They are also used to create walled steps down the sides of steep mountains. It represented the relationship with the earth, and expressions of belief in a landscape inhabited by supernatural forces.
LAw and Government
Machu Picchu became a very powerful nation in Pre-Columbian Nation. The Inca government promoted peace among citizens. Since they enforced this, there was very little crimes committed. If there was a crime committed the punishment was ruthless. The Government didn’t have any kind of imprisonment, so the people who committed crimes were punished. The Government gave punishments like the death penalty, or mutilation which was were they inflicted severe pain of the person. Machu Picchu had a Monarchy, because they had a emperor. The Monarchy was ruled by Emperor Sapa Inca. They also had a federal system, and they had four quarters. People also had to pay taxes to the Government.
The people of Machu Picchu consisted of a vegetarian diet. They would occasionally eat meat and seafood. For their food supply they developed farming systems. Where they grew crops and raised herds of animals. They grew things like peppers, tomatoes, peanuts, squash, cucumber, and cotton. Some of the foods they made were, Cuy which is a type of guinea pig, Ceviche a seafood dish, Causa a seasoned mashed potato terrine, stuffed with tuna, egg, shrimp, or avocado, Lomo Saltado a stir fry that typically combines marinated strips of sirloin.
For entertainment they would had fine arts. They would make art which gave them something to do. In Machu Picchu they also had many sites. They also all had many jobs, like farming and helping out with the civilization.
In ancient Machu Picchu the language they used was called Quechua. It is known that ancient failed at having a written language, so they couldn't keep any history. That made it hard to remember any of Ancient Machu Picchu’s history.
Ancient Machu Picchu City Layout
Machu Picchu is a well laid out and spread out area. There are trails leading up the mountain and lots of area to farm. Also, for places to keep their herds. It’s well spaced out and houses are along the mountain side and on flat ground. There valuable structures were also well spaced and placed good throughout the civilization.
Temple of the sun
It provided protection to the city and security. One of the most important buildings is placed inside of the temple. The most important events were held in the temple. Like sacred rituals and religious sacrifices. It was built on a big granite rock. Under the temple there is a cavern which held mummified corpses.
The sacred plaza
It was surrounded by the most important structures. The sacred Plaza was the main architectural joint for Machu Picchu because of its location. It was for the practice of the different beliefs of the culture in an infinite number of fields such as astronomy, geology, mathematics, physics and other many other scientific disciplines.
The main temple
It is located at the highest point of the city. It housed the most important celebrations and the sacred rituals of greater spiritual significance for the city. It was formed around the sacred plaza. The main temple also held residence for the Priest. The main temple had the most spiritual meaning. Most of of the spiritual rituals were held here.