The highest number of Polish Jews was 34 thousand. The over all population was 122,000.
Virtually all of them were dead by the war's end. Most of them, about 30,000, were deported to the Belzec extermination camp (some of them through the Piaski ghetto) between March 17 and April 11, 1942; the German set quota called for 1,400 people per day to be sent to their deaths. The other 4,000 people were first moved to the Majdan Tatarski ghetto (a second ghetto established in the suburb of Lublin) and then either killed there or sent to the nearby KL Lublin/Majdanek concentration camp.The last of the Ghetto's former residents still in German captivity were executed at Majdanek and Trawniki camps in the Operation Harvest Festivalon November 3, 1943. After the liquidation, prisoners from Majdenek were sent to demolish and dismantle the area of the former ghetto.
No form of governance was mentioned for Lublin, but the following is a pervasive list of tasks appointed Jews had to follow. A ghetto police force enforced the orders of the German authorities and the ordinances of the Jewish councils. This included facilitating deportations to killing centers. Jewish police officials, like Jewish council members, served at the whim of the German authorities. The Germans did not hesitate to kill those Jewish policemen who were perceived to have failed to carry out orders.
Thousands of Jews were sent to the labour camps in and around Belzec, where they built the so-called “Eastern Wall” the border fortifications between the General Gouvernement and the Soviet territory.
Location: Lublin, German-occupied Poland. Camp: deportations to Belzec extermination camp and Majdanek.
More open than closed. The conditions in the Lublin ghetto, regarding the supply of food, was not as horrible as in the ghettos of Warsaw or Lodz. The Jews of Lublin had contact with the outside world enabling them to smuggle food into the ghetto area.
Facts: nicknamed “Majdanek” (“Little Majdan”) due to its proximity to the Majdan Tatarski suburb of Lublin. Prisoners at Majdanek were to provide labor for the establishment of the initial SS and police base in Lublin.
Facts: “Operation Reinhard,” implemented under Globocnik’s supervision between October 1941 and November 1943, had four goals: 1) the physical annihilation of the Jews residing in the Generalgouvernement; 2) the exploitation of some Jews selected to survive temporarily as forced laborers; 3) the seizure, evaluation, and recycling of clothing, personal property, valuables, and currency taken from the murdered Jews at the killing centers; and 4) the identification of so-called hidden assets of the Jews in the Generalgouvernement. -Within the framework of Operation Reinhard, Lublin primarily served to concentrate on Jews who Germans spared temporarily for forced labor. Occasionally functioned as a killing site to murder victims who could not be killed at the Operation Reinhard killing centers (Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka II). Contained a storage depot for property and valuables taken from the Jewish victims at the killing centers.
Facts: Lublin was divided into six compounds. Compound I was a women's camp; Compound II was a field hospital for Russian collaborators attached to German army; Compound III was a men's camp for Polish political prisoners, and Jews from Warsaw and Bialystok; Compound IV was a camp for men, mainly prisoners of war, civilian hostages, and political prisoners; Compound V served as a men's hospital camp; and Compound VI, a largely undeveloped compound, was intended for additional barracks, crematoria, gas chambers, and factories, (compound not completed before camp liberation)