Jamestown Colony jax van zandt

Voyage to the colony of Jamestown

  • The Jamestown Colony was the first permanent American colony.
  • Jamestown was founded on May 14, 1607 in whats now Virginia.
  • The expedition started on December 20, 1606 with about 100 men.
  • The ships taken on first trip were the Susan, Godspeed,Constant,and the Discovery
  • When settlers arrived at the colony the built Jamestown on a very swampy area that lead to disease.
  • The colony was named after King James 1
  • Most of these early men who came on expedition came looking for gold.
  • The first African Americans arrived in colony in 1619. (there was about Fifty all together.)
  • On the first ship to the colony there were four boys on the ships.

Leadership in the Colony

  • The first Chief or President of colony was Maria Wingfield.
  • Wingfield was impeached on September 10 and John Ratcliffe was gave Chief.
  • On July 30, 1619 Jamestown had the first representative meeting in American history.
  • The ¨Councilmen¨ of the colony were, Bartholomew Gosnold, Chris Newport, John Martin, John Ratcliffe,John Smith, and George Kendall.
  • Later in 1608, John Smith took the job as Chief and lead Jamestown to its best days as a colony.
  • Later after John Smith left colony, Lord De La Warr took job as Chief.
  • When Lord De La Warr got sick, ge gave Chief to Thomas Dale.

John Smith

  • John Smith became Chief in 1608
  • Smith was a salior and solider. His leadership help the colony thrive.
  • John Smith fought as Mercenary in Hungary and Netherlands before coming to Colony.
  • John Smith went to the local Indian tribe trying to make peace, but was captured but Pocohontas (the Indian Chiefs daughter) saved Smiths life.
  • Smiths famous quote was ¨If you do not work, you do not eat.¨
  • Smith was later injured by a gunpowder explosion and went back to England.

The Indians of Jamestown

  • Settlers had many problems with local Indians but also had peace with them.
  • These local Indians called themselves¨Powhatan¨.
  • The settlers traded for food and key supplies with the Indians.
  • The Powhatan and Settlers took to war in 1622.
  • Scientist believe that the Powhatan stoped trading with settlers so they would go back to England.

Tobacco

  • John Rolfe introduced tobacco to the colony.
  • Instead of making wealth of of gold the made it of tobacco.
  • Before Rolfe introduced tobacco, colonist made profit of glass making, wood production, and pitching tar.
  • Most tobacco smoked was grown in west indias.
  • By 1630 over half a Million pounds of tobacco were exported per year.

Starving Time

  • The starving time was the most dreadful winter the colony had seen.
  • During the Starving time settlers ate anything such as leather and even other dead settlers.
  • Close to 80-90 percent of the colony had died.
  • The colonist did not spend much time farming so they were not ready for winter.
  • Two men who raided many town shops looking for food were caught and starved to death on poles.

Death in Jamestown

  • Location was a factor in a lot of deaths.
  • The water was very unhealthy and unsanitary.
  • Only Thirty-Eight of the Hundred-five colonist survived the first years.
  • The colonist had to use double grave shafts during winter because they died to quickly and in mass quantity.
  • There were Two burial shafts,one om the inside and one on the outside.
  • After Smith left as Chief a lot of colonist died.
  • In the first years of the colony bodies were buried in graves inside fort so the indians did not know they wre losing so many people.

Pocahontas

  • Pocahontas is famous for saving Jamestown colony leader John Smith from death.
  • She was only Ten years old we she saved Smith.
  • Pocahontas(the Powhatan Chiefs daughter) later married the man the brought tobacco to colony, John Rolfe.
  • After she married Rolfe she changed her name to Rebbeca Rolfe.
  • In April 1613 Pocahontas was captured by the colonist and converted to Christianity.
  • Pocahontas was considered on peace catalyst.

Fun Facts

  • Jamestown was founded Thirteen years before Plymouth was founded.
  • African Americans were used as slaves in the early colony years.
  • Jamestown later expanded to make a new town, this town considered capital of colony.
  • The settlers named the river they sailed on James River.
  • During the beginning of colony the settlers called it James Forte, James Towne, and James City.
  • On May 24, 1624 the Virginia Charter was revoked due to to many deaths and injuries.

Works Cited

"Colonial America." Ducksters Educational Site. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

"History of Jamestown." History Is Fun. Web. 29 Apr. 2017.

History.com Staff. "Jamestown Colony." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2010. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

"Jamestown Settlement and the "Starving Time"" Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association. Web. 29 Apr. 2017.

"Jamestown Settlement and the "Starving Time"" Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association. Web. 29 Apr. 2017.

Jarus, Owen. "Jamestown: Facts & History." LiveScience. Purch, 22 Dec. 2016. Web. 29 Apr. 2017.

Mele, Bryan M. Magliocca Marie. Success at Jamestown. Web. 29 Apr. 2017.

Price, David A. "Jamestown Colony." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 19 June 2015. Web. 29 Apr. 2017.

"A Short History of Jamestown." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior. Web. 29 Apr. 2017.

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