Hemophilia By: Aaliyah Hibbitt

WHat Causes Hemophilia

What causes Hemophilia is the change in F8 genes which is the gene that is responsible for making a protein known as coagulation factor VIII which is a vital part for the body to clog a wound. When a mutation happens while making these genes it can be lead to coagulation factor IX which means there is a missing protein.

Where is it Mapped

Hemophilia is an x linked recessive pattern and has been mapped on to the x chromosome which is in one of two sex chromosomes.

What does hemophilia look like?

Unlike being able to see someones eye or skin color hemophilia doesn't have a physical look on the surface of the skin. You won't be able to tell if someone has hemophilia unless you notice that any open wounds that they may have are continuously bleeding. You may also be able to tell if someone has this condition is if you notice that they are bleeding under the skin from a bruise.

How it's diagnosed?

Hemophilia is diagnosed by doctors doing a blood test and checking to see if clotting factors are missing or at a low level. Most people are tested if they know that this condition runs in the family.

Treatment Options

Hemophilia can be treated by having the clotting factor VIII or IX be slowly be dripped into the vein and this can help bring the clotting factor back into the body and this can be done using human blood.

Heritability

Hemophilia is a disease that can be passed down from a parent to its offspring even though it is very rare for it to happen.

Citations

https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/hemophilia#genes

https://www.genome.gov/20019697/learning-about-hemophilia

http://www.hemophilia.ca/en/bleeding-disorders/hemophilia-a-and-b/the-symptoms-of-hemophilia/

https://www.ucsfhealth.org/conditions/hemophilia/diagnosis.html

https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hemophilia/treatment

https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hemophilia/treatment

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/what-is-hemophilia

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Created with images by qimono - "blood cells red"

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