ABC's of Africa By: Marisa Keck

A for Africa- The second largest continent in the world, it is located South of Europe. Was once part of the large super continent called Pangaea.

B for Britain- One of the countries that colonized Africa. North of Africa.

C for Cocoa- It is grown in Ghana. 70% of the world's cocoa supply is from Africa.

D for Dinka- One of the largest ethnic groups in the Republic of Sudan. In 1983, a civil war occurred in Sudan putting Arab and Muslim northern Sudan against southern Africans.

E for

F for France- One of the countries that colonized Africa. North of Africa.

G for Germany- One of the countries that colonized Africa. North of Africa.

H for Hausa- One of the largest ethnic groups in Africa. They are diverse, while at the same time they are culturally homogeneous people.

I for Italy- One of the countries that colonized Africa. North of Africa.

J for Jukskei- A 270 year old folk sport that was developed and played in South Africa. Originated around 1743 in the Cape, South Africa.

K for Kofi Annan- The seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations (1997-2007). In 2001, he won a Nobel Peace Prize. He was born in Kumasi, Ghana on April 8th, 1938.

L for Luangwa River- One of the major tributaries of the Zambezi River, also one of the four biggest rivers of Zambia. The river usually floods in rainy season (December to March), and then falls by a lot in the dry season.

M for Mali Empire- Sundiata, the Lion King/Prince, ruled the Mali Empire for 25 years (1235-1260). It is located in West Africa.

N for Nile- A major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa. It is generally known as the world's longest river, however others believe that the Amazon River in South America is.

O for Onilahy River- A river in the Toliara Province, southern Madagascar. It flow down from the hills by Betroka to the Mozambique Channel.

P for Portugal- One of the countries that colonized Africa. North of Africa.

Q for Quran- The main religious text of Islam. It has 114 surahs and 30 parts.

R for

S for Spain- One of the countries that colonized Africa. North of Africa.

T for Tutsi- Also known as the Watutsi. In Rwanda and Burundi they are the second largest caste.

U for

V for Victoria Lake- One of the African Great Lakes. Named after Queen Victoria by explorer John Hanning Speke.

W for Wolof- A language of Senegal, the Gambia, and Mauritania, and the native language of the Wolof people. Wolof is both a language and a tribe.

X for Xenophobia- Intense/Irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries. Before 1994, immigrants faced discrimination and even violence in South Africa.

Y for Yoruba- Language spoken in West Africa, it is also an ethnic group. One of the biggest ethnic groups in the Southern part of the Sahara Desert, with 35 million people.

Z for Zulu- Largest ethnic group in South Africa. Their ancestor (Nguni people) migrated down the East coast of Africa as part of the Bantu migrations.

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