New York City BY: Maggie

New York is a delightful city to explore. It is full of interesting attractions with millions of people visiting each year. The people of New York are very loyal to their state--they create songs and movies based on their city.

Location

New York City is located in the south part of New York, with five different boroughs. The boroughs are Manhattan, the Bronx, Queens, Staten Island, and Brooklyn.

New York, New York is one of wealthiest, largest, and well-known cities in the world. It is positioned at the mouth of the Hudson River, which flows to the Atlantic Ocean. The Atlantic Ocean touches the tip of the city of New York. The total land area is three hundred three square miles.

Popluation

There are more than 8.5 million people living in New York City alone, which makes the streets and buildings significantly busier. Three fifths of the city's population are Irish, Italian, black, Jewish, Puerto Rican. The largest ethnic group--blacks--make up around 25%. Other groups that are taken into account are Polish, Mexican, Russian, Chinese, English, Arab, Asian Indian, Korean, and German descent.

New York City's busy streets.

History

When England captured the colony, they originally named the New York territory "New Amsterdam". It was then later changed to New York for the King's brother--the Duke of York. New York has once been the capital of the United States from 1785-1790.

During the times of World War I & II, New York gave strength both financially and manufacturing-wise. Because of this, NY helped defeat the opponents in both World Wars. New York now symbolizes the economic power, drive, and energy for the United States.

New York City during World War II.

9/11

The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, caused great amounts of damage. Many rescue workers and police from around the country helped recover bodies from the Twin Towers. Blood donations dramatically increased during the weeks after 9/11. The destructive event left more than 3,000 children with one less parent.

The two squares are where the Tribute in Light occurs. The area around it has all of the victims' names carved.

Reconstruction

The damaged part of the Pentagon was rebuilt and construction for the 7 World Trade Center was finished in 2006. A few years after September 2001, people began working on the 9/11 Memorial & Museum. Every year on September 11, there is the Tribute in Light, where 88 searchlights are at the base of where the Twin Towers once were.

The picture on the top shows the Twin Towers before 9/11. The bottom picture shows the same place where the Twin Towers were torn down after September 11, 2001.

Sports

New York is important for many things like theater, fashion, light manufacturing, and tourism. However, the large city is also well-known for many of their sports. Their NFL (National Football League) teams are the New York Giants and the New York Jets. The two NBA (National Basketball Association) teams are the Knicks and the Brooklyn Nets. The Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) are represented by New York Liberty. The New York Rangers represent the NHL (National Hockey League). For soccer, the New York City FC plays.

Top left: NY Giants, top middle: NY Knicks, top right: Brooklyn Nets, middle left: NYC FC, middle right: NY Rangers, bottom left: NY Liberty, bottom right: NY Jets

Baseball

New York is sometimes called the "Capital of Baseball." The city has two baseball teams, and there is only four cities that have more than one team. The New York Yankees have been in 40 World Series and have won 27 of them. The New York Mets have been in a total of 5 World Series, but they have only won 2.

The picture shows Citi Field, where the New York Mets play their home games.

Attractions

Broadway and shubert Alley

If you would like to take a trip to see all different genres of shows and movies, then go to the Broadway theater! The most popular shows tickets are able to be purchased in advance. Shubert Alley is famous in the theater district. There are two largely-known playhouses as well. Other renowned places are the Music Box Theater where Irving Berlin performed "The Music Box Revue" and Sardi's restaurant where many popular actors have been.

To the left is Irving Berlin who performed at the Music Box Theater; top right is the street sign for Broadway, New York City; bottom right shows Sardi's restaurant and all of the pictures of famous people who have been there.

Metropolitan Museum of Art

The picture above shows the outside of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Sometimes known as "The Met," the Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in 1870. Inside, there are over 2 million works of art. The art includes costumes, arms and armor, Egyptian art, instruments, photographs, and many more.

Rockefeller Center

Left: many people skating during the winter, right: Rockefeller Center building

During the winter months, Rockefeller Center is especially popular. There is a large Christmas tree in the front of the building. On the inside, there are restaurants, an observation deck, and shops. Radios, NBC-TV, and other media stations record there.

Statue of Liberty & Battery PArk

The Statue of Liberty was given as a gift for the United States of America by France. After working continuously on the large statue for nine years, the five architects ultimately finished it in 1886. It is 152 feet (from bottom to torch) and weighs around 225,000 tons.

The Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty is located on Liberty Island. In order to inspect the sculpture up close, you have to take a boat ride. It is possible to take a ferry to Ellis Island, also. The tour takes a total of three hours to complete. However, you can also see it at Battery Park if you do not want to travel to the island(s).

Battery Park during the wintertime

New York Public Library

Although many people call the public library in New York the "New York Public Library," its real name is the Stephen A. Schwarzman Building. It first opened in 1911 and stretches two city blocks. The public library also holds over 10,000 modern magazines. It is a large attraction that has appeared in many TV shows and movies.

The inside of the New York Public LIbrary

Central Park

Central Park was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux in the late 1950s. Since then there have been many additions to the park, like lots of attractions within itself. A few places to visit if you are in Central Park are the Strawberry Fields, Central Park Zoo, and the Lake--which is most popular for ice skating during Winter and paddling in the summer. To get to some sites quicker, many people rent bicycles to make a day in Central Park less tiring.

Top: scenery located in Central Park: bottom left: the Lake in Central Park; bottom right: Strawberry Fields

Empire State Building

A view of the Empire State building at nightfall

The Empire State Building is New York city's most popular landmark. When it first opened in 1931, the building was the tallest skyscraper in the world with 102 stories. It stayed the tallest in the world until 1971. There is an observatory on the 86th floor. People reach the observatory by high speed elevators. There is also a 102nd observatory, which stands at 1,250 feet tall. On a day with no fog, tourists can see as far as 80 miles.

This is where tourists gaze the city from the highest observation deck.

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