Diabetes Managament By Ailea Lee-Wilson

"Reduce the disease burden of diabetes mellitus (DM) and improve the quality of life for all persons who have, or are at risk for, DM." Healthy people 2020

Pretest

1) Is it necessary to change the needle EVERY TIME you administer your insulin?

  1. Yes
  2. No

2) Of the following food choices, which are considered a good healthy carb snack?

  1. Bacon sandwich on white
  2. Avocado spread on whole wheat toast
  3. Cheese slices and pepperoni
  4. Mini baked potato with sourcream and scallions

3) What are the best ways to manage Diabetes? Select all that apply.

  1. Healthy Diet
  2. Sleeping more and less walking to prevent sores
  3. Daily exercise
  4. Not interacting with sick people
  5. Sticking with medication regimen
Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal (hyperglycemia). Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels.
Good Food Choices
Foods to Avoid

When taking your blood sugar, clean your fingertip with an alcohol swab/pad

Then make sure to prick yourself on the sides of your fingers. If you do it on the tips it hurts more!

Before administering your insulin be sure to always clean your pen before inserting a new needle, and always use a new needle for each injection

Prime your pen with 2 units to ensure there are no air bubbles. Then after you eject the insulin you can then turn the dial to the correct amount of insulin to be injected

Then insert the needle into your skin, pick a fatty area instead of a muscle area. Press the pen down until it is 0 so the insulin is properly adminstered. Leave the needle in skin for at least 6 seconds before pulling out

Make sure not to recap, so you don't have a needle-stick injury. Throw away used needle into a sharps container and store at room temperature away from direct sunlight.

If you're low after you take your blood sugar you'll want to count out how many carbs you should eat to make up for. Also relax your body so you don't become too fatigued.

Some snack ideas can be fruit and nut yogurt or tortilla chips and salsa!

The above video contains suggestions for short and simple exercises to help stimulate the body without tiring it out

Dry skin may be a problem for diabetes patients, and they may also be more susceptible to harmful bacteria!

Keep skin clean and dry

Avoid hot baths and showers. Use a moisturizing soap and plain moisturizing lotion.

Treat cuts with mild soap and water. Use an antibiotic cream if allowed by your doctor.

Notify your doctor for any major burn/injury and treat it right away!

Check your lower legs and feet daily for any cuts and sores. Don't wear tight shoes, this may lead to an increased risk for sores and other cuts. Wear the appropriate shoe size!

Community Resources in the Cincinnati Area

Posttest

1) Is it necessary to change the needle EVERY TIME you administer your insulin?

  1. Yes
  2. No

2) Of the following food choices, which are considered a good healthy carb snack?

  1. Bacon sandwich on white
  2. Avocado spread on whole wheat toast
  3. Cheese slices and pepperoni
  4. Mini baked potato with sour cream and scallions

3) What are the best ways to manage Diabetes? Select all that apply.

  1. Healthy diet
  2. Sleeping more and less walking to prevent sores
  3. Daily exercise
  4. Not interacting with sick people
  5. Sticking with medication regimen

Credits:

Created with images by rottonara - "farmer smile man" • TesaPhotography - "diabetes finger glucose" • tseiu - "pecans nut walnuts" • B3R3N1C3 - "broccoli fresh food" • Daquella manera - "Quinoa" • Couleur - "berries blueberries raspberries" • StevenGiacomelli - "avocado sliced healthy" • beernc29 - "bread white food" • Rusty Clark ~ 100K Photos - "Walmart Run" • stevepb - "hot chocolate drink dairy" • jackmac34 - "vegetables potatoes food" • lipefontes0 - "cheese breakfast food" • TesaPhotography - "diabetes blood finger" • aldenchadwick - "Reflection in Blood" • tookapic - "raspberries cracker dessert" • ashokorg0 - "feet lady walking" • GIANTsqurl - "Hand" • Walt Stoneburner - "Fist" • Pexels - "black and white feet sandals"

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