Cholera is an acute illness that is caused by the infection of the Vibrio cholera bacteria in the intestine. There is an estimated amount of 3 or 5 million cases and more than 100,000 deaths from al around the world.
Cholera is spread through the drinking of contaminated water. Usually the symptoms of cholera are either mild or non-prevalent, but they can be severe. The symptoms are often characterized as watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg muscle cramping. This drastic loss of body fluids will lead to dehydration and shock. Symptoms appear anywhere between a few hours to five days. Typically, they appear in two to three days and therefore requires immediate treatment.
Cholera is more typical in areas that have inadequate drinking water, poor sanitary conditions, and not much access to good hygiene. Cholera is treated by simply replacing the fluid and salts in the body. This can be acquired through oral rehydration or prepackaged sugar and salt mixtures drunk with water in large amounts. Only in severe cases require intravenous fluid replacement. Antibiotics shorten the course and lower the severity of the illness.