Boom To Bust By: Emma Copeland


WOMEN: This is a woman at home taking care of the household and the kids while the father is at work.

MEXICAN-AMERICANS: This is a Mexican-american household that only has a mother working at home while the father is working probably for farmers

PARAGRAPH: Home life in the 1920s included most of the family working in factories, even the women and the children. The factories were over staffed because everyone wad working for more money. But, in the 1930s, the factories cut down on staff and mainly only the men of the family worked. Women stayed home as housewives and cared for the children and tried to maintain the household in "Shanty towns". The families also went to soup kitchens to help support themselves. They also lost most of their rights because the government wasn't focused on them. The Mexican Americans, not only got hit with the Depression, but, the government also wanted to get them deported so then Americans can get better jobs. Through the 1920 and 30s, Mexican-Americans worked through harsh conditions with low pay. The Depression hit mainly the middle and the lower class. The lower class stayed poor throughout the 1920s-30s.


AFRICAN AMERICANS: This picture is a visual of when the African Americans would perform as free entertainment to cheer the crowd up from the horrible times going on throughout America

MOVIES: This picture shows that the movie theater did not have many people there because of the lack of money throughout the Great Depression

PARAGRAPH: Throughout the 1920s, people went to a lot of entertaining events such as, movies, baseball games, and jazz concerts. They went almost every week to the movies and people were buying consumer products with loans and on credit. One of the many problems within the 1920s, was the amount of alcohol consumed. Therefore the Government put a Prohibition Act on it to limit the mount of alcohol sold and bought. People then made speakeasies to get away with drinking from time to time in a hidden bar. Americans got angry with the strict law and everything got out of hand until the Government admitted that the new law failed. But, as soon as the stock market crashed, people had no money to go to events in their free time. Only 2 out of 5 Americans went to the movies every week. The themes of the movies that were created went from happy and up-beat, to depressing and sad about times without money. As America was going through these hard times, President Roosevelt created "Fireside chats" to try to cheer people up and help them with money problems. African Americans still performed jazz music on the radio, or in speakeasies and bars. This also made people focus on different things within the century other than the lack of money and jobs.


STOCKBROKERS/BANKERS: This picture shows how many of the stockbrokers lined up waiting outside banks for their money. During the 1920s, stockbrokers were filthy rich from investing in stocks. But, as the stock market crashed, many of them lost their money.

BUSINESS INDUSTRIES: This picture shows that as the Great Depression began, many small markets closed because of the lack of money.

PARAGRAPH: Before The Depression hit, manufacturing, the industrial economy, and the stock market boomed. Also, many product industries succeeded as well and new inventions were created. People made thousands of dollars from stocks and bought everything on credit. Although, farmers in the South faced industry struggles. But, as soon as the stock market crashed, stocks were worthless, and producing goods decreased. As prices for the products decreased so did the staff and their hours and pay. Unemployment increased to 25% (16 million people) so, Roosevelt made programs to help people with money problems. Bankers and stock brokers went from wealthy workers, to broke men. People faced very big financial losses and were unable to purchase goods. The Wagner Act was made to protect workers' rights, organize labor unions, and to prevent businesses from firing union members. People started to live in Hoovervilles (towns that poor people lived in) and they lost trust in the government and stockbrokers as well. But, the business industries continued to try different methods and change things up. Framers confronted a large drought that ruined their farming reputation and made them lose more money over time. They also had to suffer walking all the way to California through the drought.

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