TOGO Austin scalf


Is the position on the Earth's Surface (Absolute/Relative). Geographic study begins with the location of places on the earth. Places have absolute locations that pinpoint them on the earth, and relative locations that place each location in respect to other locations.

Togo is relativity located in northwestern Africa, and lies within the northern and eastern hemispheres.

The capital of Togo is Lomé. The absolute location is 6.1725° N, 1.2314° E

Top left is of Africa and showing where Togo and the capital of Togo, Lomé is located. The top right is of what Lomé looks like. The bottom left is a monument in Lomé. The bottom right is of a map of just Togo and the location of Lomé.
The continent of Togo is Africa.

In the southwest the Togo Mountains dominate the landscape. Those mountains stretch northeast into central Togo. The highest mountain is Mount Agou with a height of 3,235 ft.

Togo climate can be tropical, hot, humid in the south, and semiarid in north.

The left is semiarid, the middle is humid, and the right is tropical. These are three of Togo's climates.

Togo, officially the Togolese Republic, is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north. It extends south to the Gulf of Guinea, where its capital Lomé is located.

The countries that border Togo.
The bodies of water that are in and around Togo.


Place is a description of the physical and human characteristics of the location being studied.

The natural resources in Togo are phosphates (main source of foreign exchange), limestone, marble, arable land.

The first two pictures are of arable land. The top right is of limestone. The bottom left is of phosphate, and the bottom right is of marble. These are the natural resources of Togo.

Togo's culture reflects the influences of its 37 tribal ethnic groups, the largest and most influential of which are the Ewe, Mina, and Kabye. French is the official language of Togo, but many native African languages are spoken there as well. Despite the influence of Western religion, more than half of the people of Togo follow native animistic practices and beliefs.

The left is of what the culture did. The middle is of what some of the culture wear. The right is of the culture flag.

The largest religious group in Togo consists of those with indigenous beliefs, and there are significant Christian and Muslim minorities.

The left is what they wear. The middle is what the religion does. The right is where it takes place at.

National symbols include Ablodé (an Ewe word meaning freedom and independence), immortalized in the national monument to independence; the African lion on the coat of arms (though long since extinct in Togo) and colorful Kente cloth.

Major state holidays are 1 January; the Fête Nationale, 13 January; Fête de la Libération Economique, 24 January; Fête de la Victoire, 24 April; May Day, 1 May; Day of the Martyrs, 21 June; and Day of Struggle, 23 September. 27 April, Independence Day, is not officially celebrated by President Eyadema and is frequently a day of opposition activity.

These pictures are of some of the things that Togo does for their holidays.

Togo's government is a lot like the USA government. It uses the Republic type of government, which is where the majority of the people have main control of who is in the offices. Togo may face low economic productivity and low standards of living, because of their Gross domestic product, putting them in the bottom 5th percentile in the world.

Government Fun Facts

  1. Togo's first democratically elected president, Sylvano Olympius, was overthrown in 1963, he was shot and killed by Sgt. Etienne Eyadema.
  2. The current President of Togo is, Faure Gnassingbe and he was elected in 2005.
  3. The current Prime Minister of Togo is Komi Sélom Klassou and he was elected in 2015.


Human-environment interaction is the relationship between people and their environment. It is how people adapt to the environment and how they change their environment.

Agriculture is the most important aspect of most Togolese's life. It employs two-thirds of the active population. Food crops are mainly cassava, yams, maize, millet, and sorghum and account for two-thirds of production, and are used domestically. Togo's cash crops are mainly cocoa, coffee, cotton, palm oil.

Togo is one of the only two countries not to achieve the modernization of agriculture. Top left photo is of maze, which is a lot like corn, and the top right photo is of palm oil which is a high cash crop in Togo.

Agriculture provides the mainstay of the economy, employing close to four-fifths of the active population. Farmers grow food for subsistence and for sale. Togo alongside traditional community custodianship, and land is bought and sold under both systems. Agricultural and manufactured products are sold both retail and wholesale in shops and markets. The informal economy is significant and is found in every town and village market in Lomé. Phosphates, run as a monopoly, remain Togo's largest industry, with electricity production a distant second. The once highly favored banking sector is in permanent decline, and tourism is insignificant. Togo has a small oil refinery, and animal husbandry, telecommunications, and information technology are growth industries. Togo has possibly the highest use of Internet and email services per capita in West Africa. Forty-two percent of imports are of equipment, building, and agricultural supplies. Girls are more likely to work than go to school in much of Togo. Professional positions are usually occupied by individuals who have had post-secondary school education. Successful business people may or may not have formal educations, but often they have relatives, friends, or patrons who helped finance their establishment.

Top photo is of hair and skulls for sale at a Voodoo market. The bottom left photo is of a Bank of Africa and the bottom right photo is of a typical market in Togo.

Endangered Species

  • Critically Endangered:
  • ◦Groove-toothed Forest Mouse (Leimacomys buettneri).
  • Endangered:
  • ◦Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes).
  • ◦Diana Monkey (Cercopithecus diana).
  • ◦Red-bellied Monkey (Cercopithecus erythrogaster).
  • ◦Wild Dog (Lycaon pictus).
  • Vulnerable:
  • ◦African Elephant (Loxodonta africana).
  • ◦African Golden Cat (Profelis aurata).
  • ◦Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus).
  • ◦Fox's Shrew (Crocidura foxi).
  • ◦Lion (Panthera leo).
  • ◦Red-fronted Gazelle (Gazella rufifrons).
  • ◦Spotted-necked Otter (Lutra maculicollis).
  • ◦West African Manatee (Trichechus senegalensis).
  • ◦White-thighed Black-and-white Colobus (Colobus vellerosus).
Top left photo is of a Groove-toothed Forest Mouse, Top right photo is of a Diana Monkey, the bottom left photo is of a Togo Panda, and the bottom right photo is a Red-fronted Gazelle. All are endangered.

Togo has became burdened with fiscal imbalances, heavy borrowing, and unprofitable state enterprises. They hope to change this by embarking on an IMF Staff Monitored Program designed to restore macroeconomic stability and financial discipline.


Regions divide the world into manageable units for geographic study. Regions have some sort of characteristic that unifies the area. Regions can be formal, functional, or vernacular.

Education in Togo is compulsory for six years.[1] In 1996, the gross primary enrollment rate was 119.6 percent, and the net primary enrollment rate was 81.3 percent.[1] Primary school attendance rates were unavailable for Togo as of 2001.[1] While enrollment rates indicate a level of commitment to education, they do not always reflect children’s participation in school.[1] The education system has had teacher shortages, lower educational quality in rural areas, and high repetition and dropout rates.[1] In the north part of the country, 41 percent of the primary school teachers are remunerated by the parents compared with only 17 percent in Lome, where incomes are substantially higher. Despite the increase in number of school kids, the education in Togo is insufficient. The number of adults that go to school is very low. The mean of adult learning from 2003-2013 was estimated to be only 3% of the adult population.[

Top left photo is of some of the 3% of adults that attend school in Togo, The top right photo is of a school that is being held outside. The bottom photo is what a typical school in Togo looks like.

The current total population of Togo is 7,631,792. Population density (people per sq. km) in Togo was last measured at 134.30 in 2015.

Togo has a land area of 21,925 square miles, making it slightly smaller than West Virginia.

The Gross Domestic Product per capita in Togo was last recorded at 553.86 US dollars in 2015. The GDP per Capita in Togo is equivalent to 4 percent of the world's average. GDP per capita in Togo averaged 531.27 USD from 1960 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 683.35 USD in 1980 and a record low of 349.05 USD in 1960.

Total life expectancy ,both sexes, at birth for Togo is 62.7 years. This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years. Male life expectancy at birth is 60.2 years. Female life expectancy at birth is 65.3 years.

According to estimates 2,993,555 persons or 66.63% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Togo are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1,499,248 adults are illiterate. Literacy rate for adult male population is 78.31% (1,732,085 persons). 479,662 are illiterate. Literacy rate for adult female population is 55.3% (1,261,470 persons). 1,019,586 are illiterate. Youth literacy rates are 88.88% and 81.37% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 85.14%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Lomé has a tropical savanna climate which is rather untypical of that latitude. The capital of Togo is abnormally dry with an annual average rainfall of only 800–900 mm and only 59 rainy days occur throughout the year. The annual mean temperature is above 27.5 °C (81.5 °F) but heat is constant as monthly mean temperatures range from 24.9 °C (76.8 °F) in July, the least warm month of the year to 29.6 °C (85.3 °F) in February and in April, the hottest months of the year. The city gets each year around 2,330 hours of bright sunshine.


Movement refers to the way people, products, information and ideas move from one place to another. This can be local such as how did you get to school today, or it can be global such as how did humans get to North America?

Togo is a known exporter of crops such as coffee, cocoa, maize and cotton (50 percent of total exports). In recent years, limestone, marble and phosphate became important part of Togo’s exports. The most recent imports are led by Refined Petroleum which represent 57.8% of the total imports of Togo, followed by Light Pure Woven Cotton.

Top left photo: Women woven cotton, Top right photo: Petroleum Factory in Togo, Bottom left photo: raw coffee beans, Bottom right photo: Raw coco beans.

Adopted on April 28, 1960. Designed with Five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow; with a red canton bearing a white five-pointed star. Designed by: Paul Ahyi

Flag of Togo
  • The four colors (green, red, white and yellow), are the Pan-African colors, the same as the flag of Ethiopia
  • The colors of the flag are meant to Symbolize
  • Red: Represents blood shed by Martyrs to gain independence
  • White: Represents hope, star of hope
  • Green: Represents the forests, Agriculture, nature, and overall hope for the future
  • Yellow: Represents natural resources of the country

In an 1884 treaty signed at Togoville under the King Mlapa III, Germany declared a protectorate over a stretch of territory along the coast and gradually extended its control inland. In 1905, this became the German colony of Togoland. After the German defeat during World War I in August 1914 at the hands of British troops (coming from the Gold Coast) and French troops (coming from Dahomey), Togoland became two League of Nations mandates, administered by the Britain and France. After World War II, these mandates became UN Trust Territories. The residents of British Togoland voted to join the Gold Coast as part of the new independent nation of Ghana in 1957, and French Togoland became an autonomous republic within the French Union in 1959. Independence came in 1960 under Sylvanus Olympio. He was assassinated in a military coup on 13 January 1963 by a group of soldiers.

The National Institute of Scientific Research, founded in 1965 at Lomé, is the central scientific coordinating body. Several French research institutes have branches in the capital, and there are pilot farm projects throughout the country. The University of Benin at Lomé maintains faculties of sciences and medicine and schools of engineering and agriculture. Togo also has an agricultural school at Kpalimé and a technical college at Sokodá. In 1987–97, science and engineering students accounted for 35% of college and university enrollments. In the same period, expenditures for research and development totaled 0.5% of GNP. For the period 1990–2001, there were an estimated 102 scientists and engineers, and 65 technicians engaged in research and development per million people. High technology exports in 2002 were valued at $1 million, accounting for 1% of the country's manufactured exports.

Photos left to right: Police Services, Government assistants, and technology.

Telecommunications in Togo include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet. Popular transportation in Togo includes, planes, cars, bus, train, and by foot.

Photos left to right: A public bus, a free public concert, and a free public television.


These are of two current events in Togo. The left is of Togo soccer team. The right is of people that go to Togo to help out the people their.


Togo's capital is a mixture of the traditional and the modern. Its old heart is centred on the Grand Marché, a vibrant mishmash of stalls and people selling everything under the sun. A few streets away, the Akodessewa voodoo market is possibly the largest in Africa and welcoming of tourists.

In this picturesque location on Lake Togo in 1884 Germany signed a colonial treaty with the Ewe king Mlapa III, making his land a German protectorate. The modern-day chief still shows copies of the treaty to visitors. In the village itself there are numerous voodoo shrines as well as a colonial-era Roman Catholic cathedral.

These are pictures of what part of Togo looks like and some of the things people do for fun in Togo.
This is what the teens do in Togo. They have school. Their school is not like our school. Sometimes they have class outside. They don't have electronics. When they are outside of school they act like normal kids that run around all the time.
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Austin Scalf

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