Africa Past and Present By: Kara YounG and Becca Gray

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Land Use

The main way they use land is subsistence farming. They are growing food for their needs and not selling it to other people. Subsistence farming is giving food for the need of their families and commercial farming is cooperations grow one crop and sell it to people who don't have that certain crop.

Land Use Picture

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Natural Resources

They have two valuable mineral sources are diamonds and gold. Africa mines half of the world's gold.

Natural Resources Picture

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Democratic Republic of Congo

Two problems that they have are wars over natural resources and unequal wealth of the different countries. The minerals they have is tin, tantalum, and tungsten. Armed rebel groups control the mines. They force people to work and smuggle and sell minerals.

Democratic Republic of Congo

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GDP Per Capita

English, Setswana - $50, 350

Spanish/French - $45,250

Portguese - $22,145

English, French - $13,100

French, Arabic- $8,112

Five of them have a GDP Per Capita. They have higher GDP because they have better education and better trade.

GDP Per Capita picture

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Life Expectancy

There are 28 countries are with the lowest life expectancy is in Sub-Saharan Africa. They have dirty drinking water and little to no food. There are 28 countries full of people that have this problem.

Life Expectancy Picture

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Powerful Training Empires

The three west kingdoms are The Kingdom of Ghana, The Kingdom of Mali, and The Kingdom of Songhai. The years they were in power was 800 CE-1600 CE. They were participating in the Trans- Saharan trade network. The West Africans brought gold to trade and North Africans brought salt to trade.

Powerful Trading Empires Picture

Slaves on the Trans-Saharan Network

They traded for African Muslims because the Muslims cannot enslave other Muslims. The slaves were primarily used as prisoners of war. They were treated better overall. Many could own property, serve as generals in armies, and it was easier.

Slaves on the Trans-Saharan Network Picture

King Mansa Musa and Timbuktu

Mansa Musa was king of Hajj. They say he was worth around $400 billion dollars. His years in Timbuktu were great. He brought back 60,000 people and 80 camels carrying 300 lbs. of gold each. He brought back Muslim scholars and architects to build cities like mosques and schools. Timbuktu in the center of the city is the center of Islamic learning.

King Mansa Musa and Timbuktu Picture

Ibn Battuta: Explorer

Ibn Battuta was 21 years old when he began his travels. He started his travels from Tangier. He traveled 75,000 miles all over Africa and Asia. He traveled for 29 years. When his travels were over he wrote about his travels.

Ibn Battuta: Explorer Picture

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