Sickle Cell Anemia By Kayla Saens

What is Sickle Cell Anemia?

Sickle cell anemia, also known as sickle cell disease, is a common inherited blood disorder in which red blood cells are distorted into a sickle shape.

What Does Sickle Cell Anemia Affect?

Sickle cell anemia affects the hemoglobin in the body, which is a protein in red blood cells that can be found on chromosome 11. Because hemoglobin carries oxygen throughout the body, sickle cell anemia causes an oxygen deficincy in various parts of the body.

Are There Any Prenatal Tests for Sickle Cell Disease?

Amniocentesis is a medical procedure in which a small amount of amniotic fluid and fetal tissue is sampled.

Symptoms of Sickle Cell Disease

Symptoms include infections, pain, and fatigue.

Who can be affected by this disease?

1 in every 13 African American babies is born with the sickle cell trait. Many people may be a candidate for SCD, such as people of Hispanic, southern European, Middle Eastern, or Asian Indian background.

How is SCD inherited?

It is a recessive trait that is inherited from parents.

The Long-Term Outlook

People with sickle cell disease may need assistance with relieving pain and preventing complications.

Treatments and Cures

Treatments include medications, blood transfusions, and rarely, a bone-marrow transplant.

Can Sickle Cell Anemia be Prevented?

Sickle cell anemia cannot be prevented because it is determined genetically.

Can people with SCD have Children?

Yes, but they could possibly pass on the trait to their children.

Recent Development

Researchers are experimenting with gene therapy and new medicines as an attempt to treat the body and allow it to produce normal red blood cells.

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.