What is Sickle Cell Anemia?
Sickle cell anemia, also known as sickle cell disease, is a common inherited blood disorder in which red blood cells are distorted into a sickle shape.
What Does Sickle Cell Anemia Affect?
Sickle cell anemia affects the hemoglobin in the body, which is a protein in red blood cells that can be found on chromosome 11. Because hemoglobin carries oxygen throughout the body, sickle cell anemia causes an oxygen deficincy in various parts of the body.
Are There Any Prenatal Tests for Sickle Cell Disease?
Amniocentesis is a medical procedure in which a small amount of amniotic fluid and fetal tissue is sampled.
Symptoms of Sickle Cell Disease
Symptoms include infections, pain, and fatigue.
Who can be affected by this disease?
1 in every 13 African American babies is born with the sickle cell trait. Many people may be a candidate for SCD, such as people of Hispanic, southern European, Middle Eastern, or Asian Indian background.
How is SCD inherited?
It is a recessive trait that is inherited from parents.
The Long-Term Outlook
People with sickle cell disease may need assistance with relieving pain and preventing complications.
Treatments and Cures
Treatments include medications, blood transfusions, and rarely, a bone-marrow transplant.