Abraham Lincoln was born on Sunday Ferbruary 12, 1809 in a log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks Lincoln. Lincoln's father Thomas was a strong pioneer that was well respected in the community. Lincoln had two siblings who were his sister Sarah and younger brother Thomas who died in infancy. Due to a land dispute the Lincolns were forced to move from Kentucky to Perry County, Indiana in 1817. Thomas was soon able to buy the land. Lincoln's childhood is ultimately known as being a very rough one because of his family moving over and over again, but also when he was 9 years old, his mother died on October 5, 1818 of tremetol (milk sickness) at age 34.
The death of Lincoln's Mother was one of if not the most devastating events in his life. It is said that after this event and going forward that Lincoln grew more isolated from his father and resented the difficult labor that he was forced to do at such a young age.
Just over a year after his mother's death in December 1819 Thomas Lincoln married Sarah Bush Johnston, a Kentucky widow who had three children of her own. It is said that Abraham bonded well and had a pretty good relationship with Johnston. Johnston encouraged heavily that Lincoln read even with it being known that both of Lincoln's parents were most likely illiterate. Not until later while becoming an adult that he received his education which has been calculated as an estimated total of 18 months that happened at few days or weeks at a time.
After the Black Hawk War which he as a volunteer was elected to lead his unit of soldiers was when Lincoln started his law career. Lincoln has been noted for admitting that this ( The Black Hawk War) gave him more satisfaction than any election he had ever won. Abraham Lincoln began his political career and was elected to the Illinois state legislature in 1834 as a member of the Whig Party. This political understanding led him to develop his early views on slavery not so much as a moral wrong, but as an impediment to economic development.
Lincoln served one term in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1847 to 1849. He was the only Whig from the state of Illinois that showed the party loyalty, but found few political allies.
In 1854, Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act which repealed the Missouri Compromise, and allowed individual states and territories to decide for themselves whether to allow slavery. This awakened Lincoln's views on slavery moved more toward moral unfair or wrongness. Lincoln joined the Republican Party in 1856.