NODAPL BY: Vanessa peterson

“Native American tribes across the country who are supporting the Standing Rock Sioux's efforts here to block the pipeline.” (Healy, 2016). The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North Dakota hosted a very large group of people who are protesting the Dakota Access Pipeline. The pipeline itself does not cross on to the current Standing Rock reservation, however, it does go through know burial grounds and sacred sites. Those protesting the pipeline are fighting for Native American treaty rights as well as protecting the water source of the Missouri river which currently supports 10 million American people. This is not the first time a large group of people came together to fight for basic human rights, way back in the 1960s African American people were fighting for their rights and they had a long journey and in the end they finally won. I believe the pipeline should not be built because it will destroy sites sacred to the Native American people, it is ruining a major water supply, and other alternative energy sources exist. This event is very close to the North Carolina sit in where students came together to fight against the government too.

The current path of the Dakota Access Pipeline will ruin sacred sites belonging to the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation. Native American people from all over the United States are traveling in support of the Standing Rock Sioux tribe to fight for Native American treaty rights. Jasilyn Charger of the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe argues, “It's a system designed to let things slip through the cracks, but it's up to us to hold our government accountable. Our land is in danger, as well as our identity, but we will not stand in silence.” Jasilyn was a part of a group that ran a 2,000-mile relay run from North Dakota to Washington, D.C., to protest the pipeline. Jasilyn is a younger activist like Martin Luther King Jr was because they both led a group of people to fight for civil rights. This is another example of the activists wanting to make a change in our economy. It is one thing for the government to take land from the Native people, but it is much worse when a company like Energy Transfers comes in and destroys that land that Native people hold sacred. As well as how people treated African American and Native Americans and some people still don't see them as equals today which is a reason why we need to continue to make a difference. We will get there someday.

Four African American college students asked for coffee in the local WOOLWORTH'S store in Greensboro, North Carolina. When service was refused, the students sat patiently asking again for the coffee. Despite threats and intimidation, the students continued to sit quietly and waited to be served. The protests were usually consistent on the roles of being non violent but then the government and other people would become violent towards the peaceful protesters. For example, during the sit-ins and on the front lines of the pipeline protest, the protests would start out calm and when the authority would show up it would turn violent. During sit-ins the students/civil right activists would be threatened and often had food or drinks thrown at them. When the protest became physical from over the counter, the student would curl up on the floor and wait until the person was done beating them, there was no retaliation from the protesters. When the local police came to arrest the activists, another line of students would take the vacated seats and it became almost a cycle. November 20th, 2016 at the Standing Rock reservations "front lines", or where the protesting took place, Police and other government forces became violent toward the UNARMED Native American water protectors. when the weather was below freezing that night at the front lines, the police used water cannons to spray cold water on the peaceful protesters to try and push them back. Teargas grenades, pepper spray, several rounds of rubber bullets were fired, and flash bombs were all used by government forces that night against the UNARMED protesters injuring over 200 people.

A Lakota oral story tells of a man made black snake that will come to the area and destroy the lives of the Native people. It is believed that the Dakota Access Pipeline is this black snake. hen the pipeline is built, there is a chance it could kill over 10 thousand people if it has a leak. There was not one person who made these two events so impactful to the world and getting the messages out into the world, but what made these events important was the amount and volume of people coming together to unite as one big voice and civil rights movements.

The Standing Rock pipeline protest and the 1960s sit-ins protests remained peaceful, but the government and onlookers accelerated it quickly by bringing violent and unnecessary force. The Native protestors were ready to risk their lives in order to save their sacred sites and sacred water, and also the African Americans had to face multiple obstacles that put their lives in danger during the sit-ins. African Americans were one of the first oppressed groups of people to organize well thought out civil rights movements.

Works Cited:

Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number, Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available), URL, DOI or permalink. Date of access (if applicable).

Independence Hall Association in Philadelphia, U.S. History, 2016, 54d. The Sit-In Movement, http://www.ushistory.org/us/54d.asp. Accessed 26 Apr. 2017.

Healy, Jack. "'I Want to Win Someday': Tribes Make Stand Against Pipeline." New York Times, 9 Sept. 2016, p. A1(L). Student Resources in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A462882111/SUIC?u=mnsminitex&xid=462a0a5d. Accessed 22 Apr. 2017.

Lindsay, Rowena. "Why is the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe trying to stop a pipeline?" Christian Science Monitor, 7 Sept. 2016. Student Resources in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A462771963/SUIC?u=mnsminitex&xid=8533b0e5. Accessed 23 Apr. 2017.

“Protesters slam North Dakota pipeline but company 'committed'.” Reuters. Issues & Controversies. Infobase Learning, 14 Sept. 2016. Web. 22 Apr. 2017.<http://icof.infobaselearning.com/icofnewstopic.aspx?reutersID=295388>.

Yan, Holly. “Dakota access pipeline: What’s at stake?” CNN.com (CNN.) 28 Oct. 2016. http://www.cnn.com/2016/09/07/us/dakota-access-pipeline-visual-guide/index.html?scrlybrkr=0012a7e6.

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