Russia

1. The History of Russia begins with that of the Eastern Slavs and the Finno-Ugric peoples. Speak salvonic. The traditional beginning of Russian history is 862 A.D. Kievan Rus', the first united East Slavic state, was founded in 882.

2. 143.5 million pop. World Rank #10

3. 3.745 trillion GDP Rank #7 / Per Capita $26,100 Rank #73

4. 5.2% unemployment Rank #93

5.Main Industries - Machinery Construction, Chemical and petrochemical Industry, Fuel and Energy, Metallurgical Complex, and Agricultural Complex

6. Government Type - Semi-presential system, constitutional republic

7.Moscow (Capitol)

8.Administrative Divisions - 46 provinces , 21 republics , 4 autonomous okrugs, 9 krays, 2 federal cities , and 1 autonomous oblast

9. Gained Independence from the Soviet Union in August 24, 1991

10. Constitution - several previous; latest drafted 12 July 1993, adopted by referendum 12 December 1993, effective 25 December 1993; amended 2008, 2014 (2016)

11. Legal System - Civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts

12.Voting Age is 18 and above

13.President Vladimir PUTIN (since 7 May 2012), president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 6-year term (eligible for a second term),there is no vice president; premier appointed by the president with the approval of the Duma

14.A.(Bicameral), Federal Assembly consists of the Federation Council (166 seats; 2 members in each of the 83 federal administrative units, appointed by the top executive and legislative officials; members serve 4-5 year terms depending)

15.The Constitution states that the judicial branch is independent of the legislative and executive branches. HOW IT'S ORGANIZED - split into three branches: the regular court system with the Supreme Court at the top, the arbitration court system with the High Court of Arbitration on top, and the Constitutional Court as a single body with no courts under it. (The Supreme Court and Constitutional Court were discussed above.) HOW JUDGES ARE PICKED- all members of Russia's 3 highest courts nominated by the president and appointed by the Federation Council (the upper house of the legislature); members of all 3 courts appointed for life

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Created with images by flowcomm - "Russian flag flying on board boat on the Volga River"

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