recipient country and partner offering expertise and support (including financial) through international cooperation
National institutional coordinator
AGENCIA CHILENA DE COOPERACIÓN INTERNACIONAL PARA EL DESARROLLO (Chilean Agency of International Cooperation for Development – AGCID, since 1990), within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
- Latin America & the Caribbean
- Recently, a limited number of countries from Africa and South East Asia
- promoting human dignity, and inclusive and sustainable development based on human rights;
- strengthening democracy and its institutions;
- promoting peace, tolerance, and human security;
- strengthening the role of Latin America and the Caribbean in global governance.
- promoting regional integration and convergence in Latin America and the Caribbean.
FONDO CONJUNTO DE COOPERACIÓN CHILE-MÉXICO
A joint fund for promoting horizontal cooperation between Chile and Mexico or triangular cooperation led jointly by Chile and Mexico. The initiative is managed by a joint commission from representatives of AGCID and the Mexican Agency for International Cooperation for Development (AMEXCID). Every year a call for applications is open for governmental entities from Chile, Mexico and third countries which want to develop common projects in line with the objectives of a strategic association agreement signed by Chile and Mexico in 2006. According to this document, the first objective of this collaboration it to strengthen bilateral cooperation in the public sector, including in matters of institutional capacity-building, democracy and human rights, as well as in all other classic areas of sustainable economic and social development (art.9). The annual budget of the fund is about 2 mill. USD, to which the two countries contribute in equal parts.
FONDO MIXTO TRIANGULAR CHILE-ESPAÑA
Mixed Fund Chile-Spain, since 2011
A program of triangular cooperation led jointly by Chile and Spain was established in 2009, with the current format being adopted in 2011. The fund is managed by AGCID but is coordinated by a mixed Spanish-Chilean commission of representatives from AGCID and the Technical Cooperation Office in Chile of the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation (AECID OCT Chile). Its main role is to contribute to initiatives related to the global agenda of development in Latin America. So far, three projects have been completed in three different areas – in Bolivia (health sector), El Salvador (improvement of labour conditions) and Paraguay (modernization of state institutions).
FONDO CHILE CONTRA EL HAMBRE Y LA POBREZA
Chile Fund against Hunger and Poverty, since 2012
An initiative created with the support of the United Nations for Development Program (UNDP) and aiming to support the global goal of fighting hunger and poverty, through initiatives implemented by Chile as offering partner in South-South cooperation projects. The fund has three tracks corresponding to 1. Civil society initiatives; 2. Technical assistance provided by the Chilean government with support from UN agencies; 3. Humanitarian aid. Theoretically, the fund should provide assistance worldwide to people affected by natural or man-made disasters but its current focus is mostly regional (i.e. Latin America and the Caribbean). Outside the region, it contributed mostly to humanitarian aid projects in Africa (Egypt, Mali, Palestine, South Sudan, Syria).
FONDO DE LA ALIANZA DEL PACÍFICO
Fund of the Pacific Alliance, since 2013
The Pacific Alliance is a regional cooperation/integration initiative of Chile, Peru, Colombia and Mexico established in 2011 with the aim of supporting the social and economic development of the signing Parties through political coordination and the free circulation of persons, goods, capitals, and services, through the promotion and intensification of intraregional trade, and through common programs in areas related to education, culture and tourism. The agreement establishing a multilateral fund for achieving the goals of the organization was signed in 2013. Through this instrument of horizontal cooperation Chile provides mostly funds for scholarships and for small initiatives of technical cooperation.
FONDO FRANCO CHILENO DE APOYO A LA COOPERACIÓN DESCENTRALIZADA
The most recent initiative, this horizontal and triangular cooperation fund aims to foster cooperation projects between Chilean and French subnational entities which could be also joined by subnational entities from other countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. The current call focuses mostly on issues related to exchange of experience in matters related to heritage and tourism, territorial development, and sustainable energy, as well as on youth exchanges, the development of human resources in public administration and vocational education (crafts schools). The projects are selected through an open yearly call administered jointly by Chile and France.
Chile & Aid for Democracy
Chile defines its agenda on international cooperation for development around two thematic areas:
1. Strengthening of democracy and institutional modernization, including training of human resources and other forms of capacity-building;
2. Inclusive and sustainable development, with priority in:
- Social development
- Agriculture and food security
- Environment, natural resources and energy
- Economic cooperation for development
- Territorial and local development
- Prevention of natural disasters
The focus on democracy as a top priority for international cooperation for development is not a mere rhetorical exercise. Not coincidentally, the Agency for International Cooperation was established at the time when Chile was moving back towards democracy and consequently one of the areas where Chile has been gaining special expertise has been the democratic transition. The fact that democratic consolidation has been a major priority for the funds received by Chile as development aid and this continues to be the umbrella package that defines the national development program (Desarollo Nacional) within AGCID, also had an impact on how international cooperation for development was structured when Chile moved from being a mere recipient to being also an offering partner of international cooperation.
In matters of aid for democracy, Chile focused on its experience related to institutional capacity-building through institutional modernization and staff training. More specifically, the tools and methods that it has promoted in its projects related to this thematic area are:
- support for institutional capacity-building;
- exchange of experience and good practices;
- support for governmental institutions that are predictable, accountable and sustainable;
- modernization of judicial systems, as well as equal and fair access to justice.
Without necessarily framing it primarily under this label, the latest strategic and policy documents of the Chilean government in matters related to international cooperation for development (e.g. Chilean strategy for development 2015-2018, Chilean policy and strategy for international cooperation for development 2015) promote the key principles of open government, i.e. transparency, accountability, inclusion and participation.