Spanish-american war Bailie Flack/ US Since Reconstruction/ Professor Todd Zimerman

Declaring War: In 1895 Cuba attempted to overthrow Spanish colonial rule. They used the U.S. as their base of operations. Unfortunately, the Spanish refused to go down without a fight, so over 100,000 Cuban civilians perished. In 1898 the USS Maine sank after taking blows from two explosions. 252 men died on that ship. The U.S. immediately blamed Spain. Although, it was later discovered that the explosions were caused by faulty ammunitions.
Battle of Manila Bay: In Manila Bay of the Philippines nearly 400 Spanish sailors were killed. 10 Spanish warships were destroyed. The attack was committed by the U.S. Asiatic Squadron, and only six Americans were wounded.
Rough Riders Charge on San Juan Hill: As part of their plan to capture Spanish-held Santiago de Cuba, the U.S. Army Fifth Corps charged forward at the Spanish at El Caney and San Juan Hill. The Rough Riders were created by President Theodore Roosevelt.
Naval Battle of Santiago: July 3, 1898 the United States Navy defeated Spanish forces.
Signing of Armistice: In Puerto Rico the Spanish forces crumbled at the sight of U.S. forces. The Spanish formally agreed to a peace protocol on U.S. terms on August 12, 1898. The once proud Spanish Empire was basically dissolved.
US troops capture Manila: August 13, 1898 the U.S. and Spanish troops staged a battle in Manila, Philippines. It had already been predetermined that the U.S. would win and capture the Philippines. Spain would surrender.
Treaty of Paris is signed: The Spanish American War came to an end when the U.S. and Spain signed the Treaty of Paris. December 10, 1898 the U.S. took possession of Guam, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico. They were taken for $20 million.
Foraker Act: After the U.S. took possession of Puerto Rico, they felt it was necessary to put a government into place. The Foraker Act called for a Governor, a House of Representatives, and a Supreme Court.
Emilio Auginaldo captured: After three years of war, Auginaldo was captured by Fredrick Funston on March 3, 1901. However, after signing an oath of allegiance to the United States on April 19, he finally declared peace with the U.S.
Platt Amendment:The Platt Amendment established the terms in which the U.S. would end the military occupation of Cuba. With the military leaving, Cuba's people could finally take control. Although, the Amendment did state eight conditions to which Cuba had to agree to before the U.S. would withdraw it's forces.


Created with images by Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the BPL - "War maps of Cuba, Porto Rico, and the Philippines"

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