Islam

The founder of Islam was Muhammad and they believe that Allah is god. It was founded in Mecca in the Arabian Peninsula of the Middle East. Muslims believe that Islam is the final complete and correct revelation. They see Judaism and Christianity as early versions of Islam. They are all Abrahamic religions. Christians and Islams believe in a final destination, which they consider heaven or hell. Lastly, all three religions are monotheistic and believe in one God.

Islam´s holy book is the Quran. Allah sent the Quran to Muhammad. The place of worship is a mosque. At the mosque, the imam leads the services. Muslims believe in the five pillars of Islam: orally declaring their faith, praying 5 times a day, fasting in daylight hours or Ramadan, giving a share or income for charity, and make pilgrimage to Mecca. Other beliefs Islams hold include no pork, no alcohol, and there are specific ways to slaughter animals for food.

Various sects of the religion-Sunnis, Shiites, Ahmadiyya, and Druze are the major branches of Islam. There are also Ismailis and Alawites. The Sunni and Shiite are the most popular sects of Islam. Although they are similar, there are some differences that separate them. Such as, Sunnis believe that the leader should be anyone in Islamic faith and Shiites believe that the prophet´s decendents should become Caliph. Sunnis emphasize God´s power in the material world, where Shiites value martyrdom and sacrifice. Out of the Sunnis and Shiites, the Sunnis are the dominant sect.

The significant holidays of Islam are Ramadan, Id al-Fitr, and Id al-Adha. Ramadan starts on Friday, May 26 and ends Sunday, June 25. Id al-Fitr starts Sunday, June 25 and endson Wednesday, June 28. Ramadan is the holy month of fasting. Id al-Fitr is the celebration of the end of Ramadan. Id al-Adha starts Friday, September 1 and ends Tuesday, September 5. Id al-Adha is the sacrifice feast and the holier of the Muslim holidays.

Jacob Pulido and Hailey Dennis

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